Special Collections


Common Trees of the North Carolina Piedmont

These web pages provide resources for identifying and developing botanical knowledge of tree species of the North Carolina Piedmont. The overall aim is to make tree identification more accessible and reliable than is often the case for non-professional botanists using traditional keys - http://www.ibiblio.org/openkey/index.html. Citation: Stephen M. Seiberling, Alan S. Weakley, and Peter S. White (2005 onwards). Common Trees of the North Carolina Piedmont: Identification, Descriptions, Illustrations, and Glossary. Version: March 7, 2006.

Last Update: 2019-11-29

Print Options: Plant list only | Plant list with images
id_plant scientific common duration habit height thumb detail
ACFL Acer floridanum Southern Sugar Maple 50–80 ft. detail
ACNE2 Acer negundo Boxelder Perennial Tree (5–)15–20(–30) m tall. detail
ACRU Acer rubrum Red Maple Perennial Tree 50–115 ft. detail
AESY Aesculus sylvatica Painted Buckeye Perennial Tree, Shrub 3-16 ft. detail
ALJU Albizia julibrissin Mimosa Perennial Tree, Shrub 33–50 ft. detail
BENI Betula nigra River Birch Perennial Tree 50-80 ft detail
CACA18 Carpinus caroliniana Ironwood Perennial Tree, Shrub 13-50 ft. detail
CACA38 Carya carolinae-septentrionalis Carolina Hickory Perennial Tree 65–100 ft. detail
CACO15 Carya cordiformis Bitternut Hickory Perennial Tree 50–115 ft. detail
CAGL8 Carya glabra Pignut Hickory Perennial Tree 50–100 ft. detail
CATO6 Carya tomentosa Mockernut Hickory Perennial Tree 65–115 ft. detail
CELA Celtis laevigata Southern Hackberry Perennial Tree, Shrub 65–100 ft. detail
CECA4 Cercis canadensis Eastern Redbud Perennial Tree, Shrub 16–33 ft. detail
COFL2 Cornus florida Flowering Dogwood Perennial Tree, Shrub 12-36 ft. detail
FAGR Fagus grandifolia American Beech Perennial Tree 50-80 feet detail
FRAM2 Fraxinus americana American Ash Perennial Tree (15–)20–30(–50) m tall. detail
FRPE Fraxinus pennsylvanica Green Ash Perennial Tree (10–)15–25(–45) m tall. detail
JUVI Juniperus virginiana Eastern Redcedar Perennial Tree (2–)10–20(–37) m tall. detail
LIST2 Liquidambar styraciflua Sweet Gum Perennial Tree (10–)15–35(–45) m tall. detail
LITU Liriodendron tulipifera Tulip-tree Perennial Tree detail
MATR Magnolia tripetala Umbrella Magnolia Perennial Tree 30-40 ft. detail
MORU2 Morus rubra Red Mulberry Perennial Tree 5–20(–25) m tall. detail
NYSY Nyssa sylvatica Black Gum Perennial Tree 60 plus feet detail
OSVI Ostrya virginiana American Hop-hornbeam Perennial Tree, Shrub 25-40 ft. detail
OXAR Oxydendrum arboreum Sourwood Perennial Tree, Shrub to 30 feet or more detail
PATO2 Paulownia tomentosa Empress Tree Perennial Tree (5–)10–15(–30) m tall. detail
PIEC2 Pinus echinata Rosemary Pine Perennial Tree (15–)20–35(–45) m tall. detail
PITA Pinus taeda Loblolly Pine Perennial Tree (20–)25–40(–55) m tall. detail
PIVI2 Pinus virginiana Jersey Pine Perennial Tree (5–)10–20(–30) m tall. detail
PLOC Platanus occidentalis American Sycamore Perennial Tree 75-100 feet detail
PRSE2 Prunus serotina Black Cherry Perennial Tree, Shrub to 50 ft. detail
QUAL Quercus alba White Oak Perennial Tree to 100 feet detail
QUFA Quercus falcata Southern Red Oak Perennial Tree (15–)20–30(–40) m tall. detail
QUMA3 Quercus marilandica Blackjack Oak Perennial Tree, Shrub to 50 ft. or more detail
QUMO4 Quercus montana Chestnut Oak Perennial Tree (5–)15–30(–45) m tall. detail
QUPH Quercus phellos Willow Oak Perennial Tree detail
QURU Quercus rubra Northern Red Oak Perennial Tree to 75 ft. or more detail
QUST Quercus stellata Post Oak Perennial Tree to 85 feet detail
QUVE Quercus velutina Black Oak Perennial Tree to 80 feet x 40 feet detail
SANI Salix nigra Black Willow Perennial Tree to 60 ft detail
SAAL5 Sassafras albidum Sassafras Perennial Tree, Shrub to 30 feet detail
ULAL Ulmus alata Winged Elm Perennial Tree (5–)10–20(–35) m tall detail
ULAM Ulmus americana American Elm Perennial Tree (10–)20–35(–50) m tall detail
ULRU Ulmus rubra Red Elm Perennial Tree (10–)15–25(–40) m tall detail