Special Collections


NCBG - Stillhouse Bottom Preserve

The Stillhouse Bottom natural area is the only undisturbed, steep, north-facing ravine left in Orange County according to the Inventory of Natural Areas and Wildlife Habitats for Orange County, NC (2004). Preservation of this site is a conservation priority for the state of North Carolina, Orange County, and the North Carolina Botanical Garden. Over 100 plant species have been identified, and the high quality of the site is demonstrated by the presence of red-tailed and red-shouldered hawks, yellow-billed cuckoos, white-breasted nuthatches, ovenbirds, and scarlet tanagers, and other deep forest birds. Stream quality is likewise demonstrated by the healthy amphibian community, made up of dusky salamanders, two-lined salamanders, and green frogs.

Last Update: 2020-01-01

Print Options: Plant list only | Plant list with images
id_plant scientific common duration habit height thumb detail
AESY Aesculus sylvatica Painted Buckeye Perennial Tree, Shrub 3-16 ft. detail
AMAR3 Amelanchier arborea Downy Serviceberry Perennial Tree, Shrub 15-25 ft. detail
ASPL Asplenium platyneuron Ebony Spleenwort Perennial Forb/herb 1 ft. detail
AUVI Aureolaria virginica Downy Oak-leech Perennial Forb/herb 1-5 ft. detail
BICA Bignonia capreolata Cross-vine Perennial Vine to 30 feet or more detail
BOCY Boehmeria cylindrica False-nettle Perennial Forb/herb 2-5 ft. detail
CARA2 Campsis radicans Trumpet Creeper Perennial Vine up to 40 ft detail
CAAN11 Cardamine angustata Eastern Slender Toothwort Perennial Forb/herb 4-16 in. detail
CABL Carex blanda Eastern Woodland Sedge Perennial Graminoid detail
CACA15 Carex caroliniana Carolina Sedge Perennial Graminoid detail
CANI3 Carex nigromarginata Black-edged Sedge Perennial Graminoid detail
CARO22 Carex rosea Rosy Sedge Perennial Graminoid up to 1 ft. detail
CAST9 Carex styloflexa Bent Sedge Perennial Graminoid detail
CAWI2 Carex willdenowii Willdenow’s Sedge Perennial Graminoid detail
CACA18 Carpinus caroliniana Ironwood Perennial Tree, Shrub 13-50 ft. detail
CAGL8 Carya glabra Pignut Hickory Perennial Tree 50–100 ft. detail
CAOV2 Carya ovata Common Shagbark Hickory Perennial Tree detail
CHLU Chamaelirium luteum Fairy-wand Perennial Forb/herb 1-4 ft. detail
CHMA3 Chimaphila maculata Spotted Wintergreen Perennial Subshrub 4-8 in. detail
CHVI3 Chionanthus virginicus Fringe-tree Perennial Tree, Shrub to 25 ft. detail
CLMA4 Clitoria mariana Butterfly Pea Perennial Vine, Forb/herb to nearly 2 ft. long detail
COOD7 Corallorhiza odontorhiza Autumn Coralroot Perennial Forb/herb 4-8 in. detail
COFL2 Cornus florida Flowering Dogwood Perennial Tree, Shrub 12-36 ft. detail
COAM3 Corylus americana American Hazelnut Perennial Shrub 10-16 ft. detail
CRPH Crataegus phaenopyrum Washington Hawthorn Perennial Tree, Shrub to 30 ft. detail
CUOR Cunila origanoides American-dittany Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb 8-16 in. detail
DASP2 Danthonia spicata Moonshine Grass Perennial Graminoid detail
DENU4 Desmodium nudiflorum Naked Tick-trefoil Perennial Forb/herb 4-12 in. and to 3 ft. (flowering stem) detail
DERO3 Desmodium rotundifolium Prostrate Ticktrefoil Perennial Forb/herb 1 1/2-5 ft. long detail
DIBO2 Dichanthelium boscii Bosc’s Witchgrass Perennial Graminoid detail
DICO2 Dichanthelium commutatum Variable Witchgrass Perennial Graminoid detail
DILA9 Dichanthelium laxiflorum Open-flower Witchgrass Perennial Graminoid detail
DIOP Dioscorea oppositifolia Chinese Yam Perennial Vine, Forb/herb to 65 ft. (tall) detail
DIVI4 Dioscorea villosa Wild Yam Perennial Vine, Forb/herb to 23 ft. long detail
DIVI5 Diospyros virginiana American Persimmon Perennial Tree 35-60 ft. detail
EPVI2 Epifagus virginiana Beechdrops Annual Forb/herb 4-18 in. detail
EUAM9 Euonymus americanus Heart’s-a-bustin’ Perennial Forb/herb, Subshrub 4-6 ft. detail
EUCO10 Euphorbia corollata Eastern Flowering Spurge Perennial Forb/herb 1 1/2-3 ft. detail
EUDI16 Eurybia divaricata White Wood Aster Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
EUDU6 Eutrochium dubium Coastal Plain Joe Pye Weed Perennial Forb/herb 3-4 ft. detail
FAGR Fagus grandifolia American Beech Perennial Tree 50-80 feet detail
FRAM2 Fraxinus americana American Ash Perennial Tree (15–)20–30(–50) m tall. detail
FRPE Fraxinus pennsylvanica Green Ash Perennial Tree (10–)15–25(–45) m tall. detail
GAAP2 Galium aparine Cleavers Annual Vine, Forb/herb to 5 ft. detail
GACI2 Galium circaezans Forest Bedstraw Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb 6-22 in. detail
GESE Gelsemium sempervirens Carolina Jessamine Perennial Vine, Shrub Climbs 8-10 feet or more detail
GEVI5 Gentiana villosa Striped Gentian Perennial Forb/herb 8-22 in. detail
GECA5 Geranium carolinianum Carolina Crane’s-bill Annual, Biennial Forb/herb 4-24 in. detail
GEMA Geranium maculatum Wild Geranium Perennial Forb/herb 8-24 in. detail
GOPU Goodyera pubescens Downy Rattlesnake Plantain Perennial Forb/herb 4-15 in. detail
HAVI4 Hamamelis virginiana American Witch-hazel Perennial Tree, Shrub 8-20 ft.; width 8-20 ft. detail
HEAM6 Heuchera americana American Alumroot Perennial Forb/herb 6-10 in. detail
HIVE Hieracium venosum Rattlesnakeweed Perennial Forb/herb 10-32 in. detail
HOCA4 Houstonia caerulea Azure Bluet Perennial Forb/herb 2-6 in. detail
HOPU2 Houstonia purpurea Summer Bluet Perennial Forb/herb 4-12 in. detail
HYAR Hydrangea arborescens Smooth Hydrangea Perennial Shrub 3-5 ft. detail
HYHY Hypericum hypericoides St. Andrew's Cross Perennial Subshrub, Shrub 1-3 ft. detail
HYHI2 Hypoxis hirsuta Common Goldstar Perennial Forb/herb 4-8 in. detail
ILDE Ilex decidua Deciduous Holly Perennial Tree, Shrub 7-20 ft. detail
ILMO Ilex montana Mountain Holly Perennial Tree, Shrub detail
ILOP Ilex opaca American Holly Perennial Tree, Shrub 15-30 ft. tall, spread 10-20 ft. detail
IPPA Ipomoea pandurata Man Of The Earth Perennial Vine, Forb/herb 4-16 ft. detail
IRCR Iris cristata Dwarf Crested Iris Perennial Forb/herb 4-6 in. detail
LEPR Lespedeza procumbens Downy Trailing Lespedeza Perennial Forb/herb detail
LERE2 Lespedeza repens Creeping Lespedeza Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
LICA16 Ligusticum canadense American Lovage Perennial Forb/herb 2-6 ft. detail
LILI3 Liparis liliifolia Lily-leaf Twayblade Perennial Forb/herb to 1 ft. detail
LIST2 Liquidambar styraciflua Sweet Gum Perennial Tree (10–)15–35(–45) m tall. detail
LITU Liriodendron tulipifera Tulip-tree Perennial Tree detail
LOJA Lonicera japonica Japanese Honeysuckle Perennial Vine detail
LOSE Lonicera sempervirens Coral Honeysuckle Perennial Vine Climbs 8-10 ft. or more detail
MARA7 Maianthemum racemosum Eastern Solomon’s-plume Perennial Forb/herb 10-24 in. detail
MEMU Melica mutica Two-flower Melic Grass Perennial Graminoid 1 - 2 ft detail
MORU2 Morus rubra Red Mulberry Perennial Tree 5–20(–25) m tall. detail
NYSY Nyssa sylvatica Black Gum Perennial Tree 60 plus feet detail
OBVI Obolaria virginica Pennywort Perennial Forb/herb 1-6 in. detail
OSVI Ostrya virginiana American Hop-hornbeam Perennial Tree, Shrub 25-40 ft. detail
OXDI2 Oxalis dillenii Slender Yellow Woodsorrel Perennial Forb/herb 4-10 in. detail
OXVI Oxalis violacea Violet Wood-sorrel Perennial Forb/herb 4-8 in. detail
OXAR Oxydendrum arboreum Sourwood Perennial Tree, Shrub to 30 feet or more detail
PAQU2 Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia Creeper Perennial Vine detail
PIEC2 Pinus echinata Rosemary Pine Perennial Tree (15–)20–35(–45) m tall. detail
PITA Pinus taeda Loblolly Pine Perennial Tree (20–)25–40(–55) m tall. detail
PIVI2 Pinus virginiana Jersey Pine Perennial Tree (5–)10–20(–30) m tall. detail
PIAV Piptochaetium avenaceum Eastern Needlegrass Perennial Graminoid 3 ft. detail
PLOC Platanus occidentalis American Sycamore Perennial Tree 75-100 feet detail
PLPO2 Pleopeltis polypodioides West Indian Resurrection Fern Perennial Forb/herb, Vine detail
POCU4 Poa cuspidata Early Bluegrass Perennial Graminoid detail
POAC4 Polystichum acrostichoides Christmas Fern Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
POCA17 Potentilla canadensis Dwarf Cinquefoil Perennial Forb/herb 2-4 in. detail
QUAL Quercus alba White Oak Perennial Tree to 100 feet detail
QUFA Quercus falcata Southern Red Oak Perennial Tree (15–)20–30(–40) m tall. detail
QUNI Quercus nigra Water Oak Perennial Tree detail
QUVE Quercus velutina Black Oak Perennial Tree to 80 feet x 40 feet detail
RAHI Ranunculus hispidus Bristly Buttercup Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
RHPE4 Rhododendron periclymenoides Pinxter-flower Perennial Shrub 4-6 ft. detail
RUCA4 Ruellia caroliniensis Carolina Wild Petunia Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
SALY2 Salvia lyrata Lyreleaf Sage Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
SACA12 Sambucus canadensis Common Elderberry height and spread 8-12 feet detail
SAAL5 Sassafras albidum Sassafras Perennial Tree, Shrub to 30 feet detail
SCOL2 Scleria oligantha Few-flowered Nutrush Perennial Graminoid detail
SIMU3 Sisyrinchium mucronatum Needle-tip Blue-eyed-grass Perennial Forb/herb 4-16 in. detail
SMBO2 Smilax bona-nox Catbriar Perennial Shrub, Vine detail
SMGL Smilax glauca Cat Greenbrier Perennial Shrub, Vine detail
SMRO Smilax rotundifolia Bullbriar Perennial Shrub, Vine detail
SPNI Sphenopholis nitida Shiny Wedgescale Perennial Graminoid detail
STPU Stellaria pubera Giant Chickweed Perennial Forb/herb 4-16 in. detail
STGR4 Styrax grandifolius Bigleaf Snowbell Perennial Tree, Shrub 8-12 ft. detail
TICO Tiarella cordifolia Foamflower Perennial Forb/herb 10-12 in. detail
TIDI Tipularia discolor Cranefly Orchid Perennial Forb/herb 4-20 in. detail
TORA2 Toxicodendron radicans Eastern Poison Ivy Perennial Shrub, Forb/herb, Subshrub, Vine detail
TRCA11 Trillium catesbaei Catesby’s Trillium Perennial Forb/herb 10-18 in. detail
ULAL Ulmus alata Winged Elm Perennial Tree (5–)10–20(–35) m tall detail
UVPE Uvularia perfoliata Perfoliate Bellwort Perennial Forb/herb 6-18 in. detail
VAPA4 Vaccinium pallidum Early Lowbush Blueberry Perennial Subshrub, Shrub detail
VAST Vaccinium stamineum Common Deerberry Perennial Shrub 6 feet tall and wide detail
VATE3 Vaccinium tenellum Small Black Blueberry Perennial Subshrub, Shrub detail
VIAC Viburnum acerifolium Maple-leaf Arrow-wood Perennial Shrub, Subshrub 5-6 ft. detail
VIPR Viburnum prunifolium Smooth Blackhaw Perennial Tree, Shrub to 25 ft. detail
VIRU Viburnum rufidulum Rusty Blackhaw Perennial Tree, Shrub detail
VISO Viola sororia Common Blue Violet Annual, Perennial Forb/herb 2-8 in. detail
ZIAP Zizia aptera Heartleaf Golden-Alexanders Perennial Forb/herb 1-2.5 ft. detail
ZIAU Zizia aurea Common Golden Alexanders Perennial Forb/herb 1-2.5 ft. detail
ZITR Zizia trifoliata Meadow Alexanders Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail