Special Collections

NCBG - Garden of Flowering Plant Families

The Garden of Flowering Plant Families is a place where visitors find a visual representation of the evolutionary relationships between plant groups. Collections such as this were historically more prominent in botanical gardens. Here, familiar and exotic representatives of various plant families grow side by side. Did you know that tomatoes, peppers, tobacco, and petunias are all in the same family? There's a lot to learn in the Garden of Flowering Plant Families, and the area is complemented by interesting works of sculpture by NC artists.

Last Update: 2020-01-01

Print Options: Plant list only | Plant list with images
id_plant scientific common duration habit height thumb detail
ACLE Acer leucoderme Chalk Maple Perennial Tree, Shrub to 30 ft. detail
ACRA7 Actaea racemosa Early Black-cohosh Perennial Forb/herb 3-8 ft. detail
AGAF Agapanthus africanus African Lily detail
ALSU Alisma subcordatum American Water-plantain Perennial Forb/herb to 3 ft. above water detail
ALCE2 Allium cernuum Nodding Onion Perennial Forb/herb 12-15 in. detail
ALCU Allium cuthbertii Striped Garlic Perennial Forb/herb 8-24 in. detail
ALOF2 Althaea officinalis Common Marshmallow Perennial Forb/herb detail
ANCA4 Andropogon capillipes Chalky Bluestem Perennial Graminoid detail
ANGL2 Andropogon glomeratus Bushy Bluestem Perennial Graminoid detail
ANVI2 Andropogon virginicus Broomstraw Perennial Graminoid detail
ANVI3 Anemone virginiana Tall Thimbleweed Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
ANSO Antennaria solitaria Singlehead Pussytoes Perennial Forb/herb 7-11 in. detail
ARDR3 Arisaema dracontium Green Dragon Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
ARTR Arisaema triphyllum Jack-in-the-pulpit Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
ARAT Arnoglossum atriplicifolium Pale Indian-plantain Perennial Forb/herb 3-8 ft. detail
ARIT Arum italicum Arum Perennial Forb/herb detail
ARDI8 Aruncus dioicus Goats-beard Perennial Forb/herb 3-6 ft. detail
ASTU Asclepias tuberosa Butterfly Milkweed Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
ASTR Asimina triloba Common Pawpaw Perennial Tree, Shrub height and spread 15-30 feet detail
ASOF Asparagus officinalis Asparagus Perennial Forb/herb 2 1/2-6 ft. detail
BAAL Baptisia alba White Wild Indigo Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
BLST Bletilla striata Urn Orchid Perennial Forb/herb detail
CACU2 Camassia cusickii Cusicks Camas Perennial Forb/herb detail
CASA26 Camellia sasanqua Sasanqua Camellia Perennial Tree, Shrub detail
CAFL11 Canna flaccida Golden Canna Perennial Forb/herb 3-6 ft. detail
CACH30 Capsicum chinense Habanero detail
CAAN6 Carex annectens Yellow-fruited Sedge Perennial Graminoid detail
CACR7 Carex cristatella Crested Sedge Perennial Graminoid detail
CAFL3 Carex flaccosperma Thinfruit Sedge Perennial Graminoid 8-12 in. detail
CEAM Ceanothus americanus New Jersey Tea Perennial Subshrub, Shrub 3-4 ft. detail
CEAR3 Celosia argentea Celosia Annual Forb/herb detail
CESI8 Celtis sinensis Chinese Hackberry Perennial Tree detail
CEOC2 Cephalanthus occidentalis Buttonbush Perennial Tree, Shrub 4-8 ft. detail
CHGL2 Chelone glabra White Turtlehead Perennial Forb/herb 2-5 ft. detail
CHAL7 Chenopodium album Lamb’s-quarters Annual Forb/herb 1-10 ft. detail
CHVI3 Chionanthus virginicus Fringe-tree Perennial Tree, Shrub to 25 ft. detail
CHMO14 Chrysanthemum ×morifolium Florists Daisy Perennial Shrub, Subshrub detail
CLOC Clematis ochroleuca Curlyheads Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb 3 ft. detail
CLHA Cleome hassleriana Spiderflower Annual Forb/herb, Subshrub 3-5 ft. detail
CLAL3 Clethra alnifolia Coastal Sweet-pepperbush Perennial Shrub 3-5 ft. detail
COAU4 Colchicum autumnale Autumn Crocus Perennial Forb/herb detail
COES Colocasia esculenta Dasheen Perennial Forb/herb detail
COCA19 Conradina canescens False Rosemary Perennial Shrub detail
COVE4 Conradina verticillata Cumberland False Rosemary Perennial Shrub detail
COMA7 Convallaria majalis European Lily Of The Valley Perennial Forb/herb detail
COPE Cooperia pedunculata Prairie Lily Perennial Forb/herb detail
COVE5 Coreopsis verticillata Whorled Tickseed Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
CRCR6 Crocosmia ×crocosmiiflora Montbretia Perennial Forb/herb detail
CRAL3 Croton alabamensis Alabama Croton Perennial Subshrub, Shrub detail
CUOR Cunila origanoides American-dittany Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb 8-16 in. detail
CUGR2 Cuthbertia graminea Grassleaf Roseling 4-16 in. detail
CYEC2 Cyperus echinatus Globe Flatsedge Perennial Graminoid detail
DIBAB2 Dianthus barbatus ssp. barbatus Sweet William detail
DIEX Dicentra eximia Wild Bleeding-heart Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
DISC3 Dichanthelium scoparium Velvet Witchgrass Perennial Graminoid detail
DICA3 Dichondra carolinensis Carolina Ponyfoot Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 in. detail
DIRI Diervilla rivularis Mountain Bush Honeysuckle Perennial Shrub detail
DYAM Dysphania ambrosioides Epazote Annual, Perennial Forb/herb, Subshrub 1-4 1/2 ft. detail
ECLA Echinacea laevigata Smooth Purple Coneflower Perennial Forb/herb 1 1/2-4 ft. detail
ECPU Echinacea purpurea Eastern Purple Coneflower Perennial Forb/herb 1.5-4 ft. detail
ECCO3 Echinodorus cordifolius Creeping Burhead Perennial Forb/herb to 3 ft. above water detail
ENSE4 Endodeca serpentaria Virginia Snakeroot 4-24 in. detail
EPYO Epimedium ×youngianum Barrenwort Perennial Forb/herb detail
ERSP Eragrostis spectabilis Purple Lovegrass Perennial Graminoid to 20 inches detail
ERPR5 Eryngium prostratum Creeping Eryngo Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 in.; stems to 16 in. long detail
ERYU Eryngium yuccifolium Northern Rattlesnake-master Perennial Forb/herb 2-4 ft. detail
ERHE4 Erythrina herbacea Coral Bean Perennial Tree, Subshrub, Shrub to 5 ft. detail
EUCY2 Euphorbia cyparissias Graveyard Spurge Perennial Forb/herb 6-12 in. detail
FOGA Fothergilla gardenii Dwarf Witchalder Perennial Shrub 3 ft. detail
FOMA Fothergilla major Mountain Witchalder Perennial Shrub detail
FRCA13 Frangula caroliniana Carolina Buckthorn Perennial Tree, Shrub 10-15 feet (30 feet) detail
FRAL Franklinia alatamaha Franklinia Perennial Tree, Shrub 10-20 ft. detail
GESE Gelsemium sempervirens Carolina Jessamine Perennial Vine, Shrub Climbs 8-10 feet or more detail
GEMA Geranium maculatum Wild Geranium Perennial Forb/herb 8-24 in. detail
GESA2 Geranium sanguineum Blood-red Crane’s-bill Perennial Forb/herb detail
GECA7 Geum canadense White Avens Perennial Forb/herb 1 1/2-2 1/2 ft. detail
GITR6 Gillenia trifoliata Mountain Indian-physic Perennial Forb/herb, Subshrub 2-3 ft. detail
GLMU Gladiolus murielae Peacock Gladiolus detail
GLSU2 Gloriosa superba Glory-lily Perennial Vine, Forb/herb detail
GOLA Gordonia lasianthus Loblolly Bay Perennial Tree, Shrub detail
HARO4 Habranthus robustus Brazilian Copper-Lily Perennial Forb/herb detail
HATU Habranthus tubispathus Rio Grande Copperlily Perennial Forb/herb detail
HATE3 Halesia tetraptera Common Silverbell Perennial Tree detail
HECO11 Hedychium coronarium White Ginger-lily Perennial Forb/herb detail
HEPA8 Hesperaloe parviflora Red-flower False Yucca Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb detail
HEAM6 Heuchera americana American Alumroot Perennial Forb/herb 6-10 in. detail
HEAR6 Hexastylis arifolia Little Brown Jug Perennial Forb/herb 2-6 in. detail
HIDA Hibiscus dasycalyx Neches River Rosemallow Perennial Forb/herb detail
HYQU3 Hydrangea quercifolia Oakleaf Hydrangea Perennial Shrub 6-8 ft.; width 6-8 ft. detail
HYRA6 Hydrangea radiata Silverleaf Perennial Shrub detail
HYCA Hydrastis canadensis Golden-seal Perennial Forb/herb 10-15 in. detail
HYFR Hypericum frondosum Cedar-glade St. John's-wort Perennial Subshrub, Shrub 4 ft. detail
HYHI2 Hypoxis hirsuta Common Goldstar Perennial Forb/herb 4-8 in. detail
ILOP Ilex opaca American Holly Perennial Tree, Shrub 15-30 ft. tall, spread 10-20 ft. detail
ILFL Illicium floridanum Florida Anise Tree Perennial Tree, Shrub 6-10 ft. tall detail
IRIS Iris Iris detail
IRBR2 Iris brevicaulis Zigzag Iris Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
IREN Iris ensata Japanese Iris Perennial Forb/herb detail
IRFU Iris fulva Copper Iris Perennial Forb/herb detail
IRPR Iris prismatica Slender Blue Iris Perennial Forb/herb detail
IRSI Iris sibirica Siberian Iris Perennial Forb/herb detail
ITVI Itea virginica Virginia Sweetspire Perennial Shrub 3-4 ft.; width 3-4 ft. detail
JUEFS3 Juncus effusus ssp. solutus Soft Rush detail
JUIN Juncus inflexus European Meadow Rush Perennial Graminoid detail
JUPA2 Juncus patens Spreading rush Perennial Graminoid detail
KAMO Kalimeris mongolica Kalimeris detail
KEJA Kerria japonica Japanese Rose Perennial Shrub detail
KNUV80 Kniphofia uvaria Redhot Poker Perennial Forb/herb detail
LANO80 Laurus nobilis Bay Laurel Perennial Tree detail
LELE3 Leonotis leonurus Lions-ear Perennial Shrub detail
LIBE3 Lindera benzoin Smooth Northern Spicebush Perennial Tree, Shrub 6-9 ft. detail
LOSI Lobelia siphilitica Great Blue Lobelia Perennial Forb/herb 1.5-4 ft. detail
LOSE Lonicera sempervirens Coral Honeysuckle Perennial Vine Climbs 8-10 ft. or more detail
LYRA Lycoris radiata Red Spider Lily Perennial Forb/herb detail
MAGR4 Magnolia grandiflora Southern Magnolia Perennial Tree 60-80 ft. detail
MAVI5 Manfreda virginica Eastern False-aloe Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb 3-6 ft. detail
MAMI4 Mazus miquelii Mazus Perennial Forb/herb detail
MEOF2 Melissa officinalis Lemon Balm Perennial Forb/herb detail
MIPU8 Mimosa pudica Shameplant Annual, Perennial Forb/herb detail
MIJA Mirabilis jalapa Garden Four-o’clock Perennial Forb/herb, Subshrub detail
MUCA2 Muhlenbergia capillaris Hairgrass Perennial Graminoid 3 ft. detail
NEAL Neviusia alabamensis Alabama Snow-wreath Perennial Shrub 3-6 ft. detail
OPEN3 Opuntia engelmannii Cactus Apple Perennial Shrub detail
OSAM Osmanthus americanus Devilwood Perennial Tree, Shrub 10-20 ft detail
PAVI2 Panicum virgatum Switchgrass Perennial Graminoid 4-5 ft. detail
PALU2 Passiflora lutea Yellow Passionflower Perennial Vine, Forb/herb to 15 ft. long detail
PEVI Peltandra virginica Green Arrow Arum Perennial Forb/herb 8-22 in. detail
PECA8 Penstemon canescens Eastern Gray Beardtongue Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 1/2 ft. detail
PEBO Persea borbonia Red Bay Perennial Tree, Shrub Usually to 40 ft. detail
PHBI2 Phacelia bipinnatifida Fern-leaf Scorpion-weed Biennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
PHNI Phlox nivalis Pineland Phlox Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb 4-12 in. detail
PHOP Physocarpus opulifolius Atlantic Ninebark Perennial Shrub to 8 ft. detail
PHAM4 Phytolacca americana American Pokeweed Perennial Forb/herb 3-10 ft. detail
PLCO2 Plantago cordata Heartleaf Plantain Perennial Forb/herb detail
PLGR5 Platycodon grandiflorum Balloonflower detail
POOP Pogonia ophioglossoides Rose Pogonia Perennial Forb/herb 4-20 in. detail
PORER Polemonium reptans var. reptans Spreading Jacob’s-ladder Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb detail
POCA17 Potentilla canadensis Dwarf Cinquefoil Perennial Forb/herb 2-4 in. detail
QUPR Quercus prinoides Dwarf Chinquapin Oak Perennial Tree, Shrub detail
RHHY Rhapidophyllum hystrix Needle Palm Perennial Shrub detail
RHAU Rhododendron austrinum Florida Flame Azalea Perennial Shrub 6-10 feet Spread 4-6 feet detail
RHAR4 Rhus aromatica Fragrant Sumac Perennial Shrub 2 feet up-8 feet spread detail
RHLA7 Rhynchospora latifolia Broadleaf Whitetop Sedge Perennial Graminoid 12-18 in. detail
ROCH Rosa chinensis Chinese Rose Perennial Vine, Subshrub detail
ROOF Rosmarinus officinalis Rosemary Perennial Subshrub, Shrub detail
RUFU2 Rudbeckia fulgida Orange Coneflower Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
RUMA3 Rudbeckia maxima Giant Coneflower Perennial Forb/herb detail
SAFA5 Sagittaria fasciculata Bunched Arrowhead Perennial Forb/herb detail
SALA Sagittaria lancifolia Bulltongue Arrowhead Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
SALAP Sagittaria latifolia var. pubescens Broadleaf Arrowhead detail
SALY2 Salvia lyrata Lyreleaf Sage Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
SAST6 Saxifraga stolonifera Strawberry-begonia Perennial Forb/herb detail
SCSC Schizachyrium scoparium Little Bluestem Perennial Graminoid 2-3 ft. detail
SCIN2 Scutellaria integrifolia Large-flower Skullcap Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
SCOV Scutellaria ovata Heartleaf Skullcap Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
SENE Sedum nevii Nevius’ Stonecrop Perennial Forb/herb detail
SIVI4 Silene virginica Fire Pink Perennial Forb/herb 12-18 in. detail
SIPE2 Silphium perfoliatum Common Cup-plant Perennial Forb/herb 4-8 ft. detail
SITE Silphium terebinthinaceum Prairie Rosinweed Perennial Forb/herb detail
SIAT Sisyrinchium atlanticum Atlantic Blue-eyed-grass Perennial Forb/herb 8-18 in. detail
SOPS Solanum pseudocapsicum Jerusalem Cherry Perennial Subshrub, Shrub detail
SOPL Solidago plumosa Plumed Goldenrod Perennial Forb/herb detail
SOEL3 Sorghastrum elliottii Long-bristle Indiangrass Perennial Graminoid 6 ft. detail
SONU2 Sorghastrum nutans Yellow Indiangrass Perennial Graminoid 6 ft. detail
SPBA Spartina bakeri Sand Cordgrass Perennial Graminoid detail
SPPE Spartina pectinata Prairie Cordgrass Perennial Graminoid detail
SPMA3 Spigelia marilandica Indian Pink Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
SPTO2 Spiraea tomentosa Hardhack Perennial Shrub 2-4 ft.: width 3-6 ft. detail
SPHE Sporobolus heterolepis Prairie Dropseed Perennial Graminoid detail
STBY Stachys byzantina Lamb’s-ear Perennial Forb/herb detail
STTR Staphylea trifolia American Bladdernut Perennial Tree, Shrub 10-15 ft. detail
STLA6 Stokesia laevis Stokes’ Aster Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
SYCO3 Symphyotrichum concolor Eastern Silvery Aster Perennial Forb/herb 1 1/2-4 ft. detail
THDE Thalia dealbata Powdery Alligator-flag Perennial Forb/herb detail
THPRA Thymus praecox ssp. arcticus Creeping Thyme Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb detail
TIUS Tillandsia usneoides Spanish Moss Perennial Forb/herb, Vine to 10 ft. detail
TRFO3 Trachycarpus fortunei Windmill Palm detail
TRHI5 Tradescantia hirsuticaulis Hairy Spiderwort Perennial Forb/herb 18-24 in. detail
TRPA10 Tradescantia pallida Purpleheart Perennial Forb/herb detail
TRVI Tradescantia virginiana Virginia Spiderwort Perennial Forb/herb 6-20 in. detail
TRDI2 Trichostema dichotomum Forked Bluecurls Annual Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
TRFL2 Tridens flavus Tall Redtop Perennial Graminoid detail
ULAL Ulmus alata Winged Elm Perennial Tree (5–)10–20(–35) m tall detail
VAPA4 Vaccinium pallidum Early Lowbush Blueberry Perennial Subshrub, Shrub detail
VEVI Veratrum viride American False Hellebore Perennial Forb/herb 1-5 ft. detail
VEAN Vernonia angustifolia Carolina Sandhill Ironweed Perennial Forb/herb 2-4 ft. detail
VENO Vernonia noveboracensis New York Ironweed Perennial Forb/herb 3-7 ft. detail
VEVI4 Veronicastrum virginicum Culver’s-root Perennial Forb/herb 2-4 ft. detail
VIDE Viburnum dentatum Southern Arrowwood Perennial Tree, Shrub 6-8 ft. detail
VINU Viburnum nudum Possumhaw Perennial Tree, Shrub to 15 feet detail
VIPL Viburnum plicatum Japanese Snowball Perennial Shrub detail
VIPR Viburnum prunifolium Smooth Blackhaw Perennial Tree, Shrub to 25 ft. detail
VIAG Vitex agnus-castus Chaste-tree Perennial Tree, Shrub 10-20 ft. detail
WIFR Wisteria frutescens American Wisteria Perennial Vine to 25-30 feet detail
XASI Xanthorhiza simplicissima Yellowroot Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
YUGL2 Yucca gloriosa Mound-lily Yucca Perennial Tree, Shrub, Forb/herb detail
ZACL Zanthoxylum clava-herculis Southern Toothache Tree Perennial Tree, Shrub detail
ZEPU3 Zenobia pulverulenta Honeycup Perennial Shrub 4-6 ft. detail
ZEAT Zephyranthes atamasca Atamasco Lily Perennial Forb/herb 6-8 in. detail
ZECI Zephyranthes citrina Citron Rain-lily Perennial Forb/herb detail
ZIAU Zizia aurea Common Golden Alexanders Perennial Forb/herb 1-2.5 ft. detail