Special Collections


NCBG - Sandhills Habitat

The Coastal Plain and Sandhills Habitats represent the wide range of ecosystems present in the eastern part of the state, beginning with the rolling sandhills where you see the state tree of North Carolina, the longleaf pine (Pinus palustris). Soon the terrain becomes flatter, simulating the pocosin and wetland habitats common on the outer coastal plain. In this area grow myrtle (Myrica cerifera) and carnivorous plants, such as the Venus' flytrap (Dionaea muscipula) and pitcher plants (Sarracenia species).

Last Update: 2020-01-01

Print Options: Plant list only | Plant list with images
id_plant scientific common duration habit height thumb detail
AGSE3 Agalinis setacea Threadleaf False Foxglove Annual Forb/herb 6-27 in. detail
AMOB2 Amelanchier obovalis Coastal Plain Serviceberry Perennial Shrub detail
AMHE Amorpha herbacea Dwarf Indigo Bush Perennial Shrub 3 - 6 ft. detail
AMCA14 Ampelaster carolinianus Climbing Aster Perennial Shrub, Vine to 6+ ft. detail
AMCI Amsonia ciliata Sandhills Bluestar Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
ANGL10 Andropogon glaucopsis Purple Bluestem detail
ANTE2 Andropogon ternarius Split-beard Bluestem Perennial Graminoid 1.5-4 ft. detail
ANVI4 Anthaenantia villosa Green Silkyscale Perennial Graminoid detail
APAM Apios americana Common Groundnut Perennial Vine, Forb/herb to 12 ft. detail
APCA Apocynum cannabinum Indian-hemp Perennial Forb/herb 1-4.5 ft. detail
ARSP2 Aralia spinosa Devil’s Walkingstick Perennial Tree, Shrub 12-15 ft. detail
ARTR Arisaema triphyllum Jack-in-the-pulpit Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
ARST5 Aristida stricta Carolina Wiregrass Perennial Graminoid detail
ARAR7 Aronia arbutifolia Red Chokeberry up to 12 ft. detail
ASHU3 Asclepias humistrata Pinewoods Milkweed Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 1/2 ft. detail
ASTU Asclepias tuberosa Butterfly Milkweed Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
ASPA18 Asimina parviflora Small-flowered Pawpaw Perennial Tree, Shrub detail
ATAS Athyrium asplenioides Southern Lady Fern 2-3 ft. detail
BAAL Baptisia alba White Wild Indigo Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
BACI Baptisia cinerea Carolina Wild Indigo Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 1/2 ft. detail
BATI Baptisia tinctoria Rattleweed Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
CACO71 Calamagrostis coarctata Nuttall’s Reedgrass Perennial Graminoid detail
CABR2 Calamovilfa brevipilis Pinebarren Sandreed Perennial Graminoid detail
CABE4 Carphephorus bellidifolius Sandywoods Chaffhead Perennial Forb/herb 1-1 3/4 ft. detail
CATO5 Carphephorus tomentosus Carolina Chaffhead Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
CHNI2 Chamaecrista nictitans Sensitive Partridge Pea Annual, Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb 4-20 in. detail
CHTH2 Chamaecyparis thyoides Atlantic White Cedar Perennial Tree up to 50 ft. detail
CHPA18 Chrysoma pauciflosculosa Woody Goldenrod Perennial Subshrub, Shrub detail
CHMA14 Chrysopsis mariana Maryland Golden-aster Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
CLAL3 Clethra alnifolia Coastal Sweet-pepperbush Perennial Shrub 3-5 ft. detail
CLCO10 Clinopodium coccineum Scarlet Wild Basil Perennial Shrub 2-4 ft. detail
COCO13 Conoclinium coelestinum Blue Mistflower Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
COAM2 Cornus amomum Silky Dogwood Perennial Shrub height and Spread 6 - 12 feet detail
COFL2 Cornus florida Flowering Dogwood Perennial Tree, Shrub 12-36 ft. detail
COFO Cornus foemina Stiff Dogwood Perennial Tree, Shrub 15 - 25 feet, Spread 10 - 15 feet detail
CRPU9 Crataegus pulcherrima Beautiful Hawthorn Perennial Tree, Shrub detail
CUGR2 Cuthbertia graminea Grassleaf Roseling 4-16 in. detail
CYRA Cyrilla racemiflora Titi Perennial Tree, Shrub 6-12 ft. detail
DECI Desmodium ciliare Hairy Small-leaf Ticktrefoil Perennial Forb/herb 1-5 ft. detail
DEGL4 Desmodium glabellum Dillenius’ Ticktrefoil Perennial Forb/herb 2-4 ft. detail
DICA3 Dichondra carolinensis Carolina Ponyfoot Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 in. detail
DITE2 Diodia teres Poorjoe Annual, Perennial Forb/herb 6-18 in. detail
DIVI5 Diospyros virginiana American Persimmon Perennial Tree 35-60 ft. detail
ELTO2 Elephantopus tomentosus Devil’s Grandmother Perennial Forb/herb 8-24 in. detail
EPRE2 Epigaea repens Ground Laurel Perennial Subshrub, Shrub 4-6 in. detail
ERRE Eragrostis refracta Coastal Lovegrass Perennial Graminoid detail
ERPR5 Eryngium prostratum Creeping Eryngo Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 in.; stems to 16 in. long detail
ERYU Eryngium yuccifolium Northern Rattlesnake-master Perennial Forb/herb 2-4 ft. detail
ERHE4 Erythrina herbacea Coral Bean Perennial Tree, Subshrub, Shrub to 5 ft. detail
EUCA5 Eupatorium capillifolium Common Dog-fennel Perennial Forb/herb 1 1/2-6 ft. detail
EUGL7 Eupatorium glaucescens Broadleaf Bushy Eupatorium Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 1/2 ft. detail
EUPI2 Eupatorium pilosum Ragged Eupatorium Perennial Forb/herb 1-5 ft. detail
EURO4 Eupatorium rotundifolium Roundleaf Thoroughwort Perennial Forb/herb 3-4 1/2 ft. detail
EUCU3 Euphorbia curtisii White Sandhills Spurge Perennial Shrub 8-15 in. detail
EUPA23 Eurybia paludosa Southern Swamp Wood-aster Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 1/2 ft. detail
FOGA Fothergilla gardenii Dwarf Witchalder Perennial Shrub 3 ft. detail
GAMO2 Galactia mollis Soft Milkpea Perennial Vine, Forb/herb detail
GARE2 Galactia regularis Eastern Milkpea Perennial Forb/herb, Vine to 10 ft. long detail
GAVO Galactia volubilis Downy Milkpea Perennial Vine, Forb/herb detail
GAPI2 Galium pilosum Hairy Bedstraw Perennial Forb/herb 6-30 in. detail
GADU Gaylussacia dumosa Southern Dwarf Huckleberry Perennial Subshrub, Shrub detail
GAFR2 Gaylussacia frondosa Dangleberry Perennial Shrub detail
GESE Gelsemium sempervirens Carolina Jessamine Perennial Vine, Shrub Climbs 8-10 feet or more detail
GEAU4 Gentiana autumnalis Pine Barren Gentian Perennial Forb/herb 6-24 in. detail
GECA10 Gentiana catesbaei Elliott’s Gentian Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
GESA Gentiana saponaria Soapwort Gentian Perennial Forb/herb 8-24 in. detail
GYAM Gymnopogon ambiguus Eastern Beard Grass Perennial Graminoid detail
HEAN2 Helianthus angustifolius Swamp Sunflower Perennial Forb/herb 1-6 ft. detail
HEAT Helianthus atrorubens Purpledisk Sunflower Perennial Forb/herb 2 1/2-6 1/2 ft. detail
HERE5 Helianthus resinosus Resinous Sunflower Perennial Forb/herb detail
HEAM6 Heuchera americana American Alumroot Perennial Forb/herb 6-10 in. detail
HIAC Hibiscus aculeatus Savanna Rose-mallow Perennial Forb/herb 3-6 ft. detail
HIGR3 Hieracium gronovii Beaked Hawkweed Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
HYCR3 Hypericum crux-andreae St. Peter’s-wort Perennial Subshrub, Shrub 1-3 ft. detail
HYGE Hypericum gentianoides Orange-grass Annual Forb/herb 6-20 in. detail
HYHY Hypericum hypericoides St. Andrew's Cross Perennial Subshrub, Shrub 1-3 ft. detail
HYPU Hypericum punctatum Spotted St. John’s-wort Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 1/2 ft. detail
ILAM2 Ilex amelanchier Sarvis Holly Perennial Tree, Shrub detail
ILCO Ilex coriacea Sweet Gallberry Perennial Tree, Shrub detail
ILDE Ilex decidua Deciduous Holly Perennial Tree, Shrub 7-20 ft. detail
ILGL Ilex glabra Inkberry Perennial Shrub 5-8 ft. detail
ILOP Ilex opaca American Holly Perennial Tree, Shrub 15-30 ft. tall, spread 10-20 ft. detail
IOLI2 Ionactis linariifolius Stiff-leaved Aster Perennial Forb/herb 12-18 in. detail
IRVEV Iris verna var. verna Coastal Plain Dwarf Iris Perennial Forb/herb 3-6 in. detail
ITVI Itea virginica Virginia Sweetspire Perennial Shrub 3-4 ft.; width 3-4 ft. detail
JUDI Juncus dichotomus Forked Rush Perennial Graminoid detail
KACA2 Kalmia carolina Southern Sheepkill Perennial Shrub detail
KACU Kalmia cuneata White Wicky Perennial Shrub detail
KALA Kalmia latifolia Mountain Laurel Perennial Tree, Shrub 10-15 ft. detail
KRVI Krigia virginica Virginia Dwarf-dandelion Annual Forb/herb 1-12 in. detail
LEBU Leiophyllum buxifolium Perennial Subshrub, Shrub detail
LECU Lespedeza cuneata Chinese Lespedeza Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb 2-5 ft. detail
LEHI2 Lespedeza hirta Hairy Lespedeza Perennial Forb/herb 1 1/2-3 ft. detail
LEVU Leucanthemum vulgare Common Daisy Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
LEAX Leucothoe axillaris Coastal Doghobble Perennial Shrub 2-4 ft. detail
LICO17 Liatris cokeri Sandhill’s Blazing Star Perennial Forb/herb to 2 1/2 ft. detail
LITE6 Liatris tenuifolia Shortleaf Blazing Star Perennial Forb/herb detail
LIST2 Liquidambar styraciflua Sweet Gum Perennial Tree (10–)15–35(–45) m tall. detail
LOCA2 Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal Flower Perennial Forb/herb 2-4 ft. detail
LOGL Lobelia glandulosa Glade Lobelia Perennial Forb/herb 1.5-3 ft. detail
LONU Lobelia nuttallii Nuttall’s Lobelia Perennial Forb/herb 8-30 in. detail
LOPU Lobelia puberula Downy Lobelia Perennial Forb/herb 2-4 ft. detail
LUVI2 Ludwigia virgata Savanna Seedbox Perennial Forb/herb detail
LUDI2 Lupinus diffusus Blue Sandhill Lupine Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb 8-24 in. detail
LYAL5 Lycopodiella alopecuroides Foxtail Clubmoss Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb detail
LYLU3 Lyonia lucida Shining Fetterbush Perennial Shrub 6 ft. detail
LYMA2 Lyonia mariana Piedmont Staggerbush Perennial Shrub 3-4 ft. detail
MAVI2 Magnolia virginiana Sweetbay Perennial Tree, Shrub 20-30 ft. detail
MAVI5 Manfreda virginica Eastern False-aloe Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb 3-6 ft. detail
MAGR6 Marshallia graminifolia Grassleaf Barbara’s Buttons Perennial Forb/herb 12-18 in. detail
MIMI22 Mimosa microphylla Eastern Sensitive-briar Perennial Vine, Forb/herb 3-6 ft. (long) detail
MIRE Mitchella repens Partridge-berry Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb to 4 in. (trailing 1/2-1 ft.) detail
MOVE Mollugo verticillata Carpetweed Annual Forb/herb to 5 in. detail
MOCE2 Morella cerifera Common Wax-myrtle Perennial Tree, Subshrub, Shrub 10-15 ft. detail
MUEX Muhlenbergia expansa Savanna Hairgrass Perennial Graminoid detail
NOGE Nolina georgiana Georgia Beargrass Perennial Subshrub, Shrub detail
NUCA Nuttallanthus canadensis Canada Toadflax Annual, Biennial Forb/herb 6-28 in. detail
NYSY Nyssa sylvatica Black Gum Perennial Tree 60 plus feet detail
OPHU Opuntia humifusa Eastern Prickly Pear Perennial Shrub to 2 feet or more detail
ORLU3 Orbexilum lupinellum Lupine Scurfpea Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
ORPEP Orbexilum pedunculatum var. psoralioides Eastern Sampson’s-snakeroot Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 1/2 ft. detail
OSCI2 Osmundastrum cinnamomeum Cinnamon Fern Perennial Forb/herb detail
PAAN Panicum anceps Beaked Panic Grass Perennial Graminoid detail
PAQU2 Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia Creeper Perennial Vine detail
PABI3 Paspalum bifidum Pitchfork Crown Grass Perennial Graminoid detail
PAIN6 Passiflora incarnata Purple Passionflower Perennial Vine, Forb/herb to 12 ft. detail
PEAU Penstemon australis Sandhill Beardtongue Perennial Forb/herb 8-28 in. detail
PEBO Persea borbonia Red Bay Perennial Tree, Shrub Usually to 40 ft. detail
PIEC2 Pinus echinata Rosemary Pine Perennial Tree (15–)20–35(–45) m tall. detail
PIPA2 Pinus palustris Longleaf Pine Perennial Tree 80-100 ft. detail
PIGRL Pityopsis graminifolia var. latifolia Narrowleaf Silkgrass Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
PIPI4 Pityopsis pinifolia Sandhill Goldenaster Perennial Forb/herb detail
PLVI Plantago virginica Hoary Plantain Annual, Biennial Forb/herb 4-8 in. detail
PLCA7 Pluchea camphorata Plowmans Wort Annual, Perennial Forb/herb 2-6 1/2 ft. detail
POOP Pogonia ophioglossoides Rose Pogonia Perennial Forb/herb 4-20 in. detail
POPR4 Polypremum procumbens Juniper Leaf Annual, Perennial Forb/herb to 12 in. (long) detail
POAC4 Polystichum acrostichoides Christmas Fern Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
PYTE Pycnanthemum tenuifolium Narrow-leaf Mountain-mint Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 1/2 ft. detail
QULA2 Quercus laevis Turkey Oak Perennial Tree detail
QUOG Quercus oglethorpensis Oglethorpe Oak Perennial Tree 40 ft.; width 40 ft. detail
QUPH Quercus phellos Willow Oak Perennial Tree detail
RHAL4 Rhexia alifanus Smooth Meadow-beauty Perennial Forb/herb 1 1/2-3 ft. detail
RHMAE Rhexia mariana var. exalbida White Meadow-beauty to 14 in. detail
RHAT Rhododendron atlanticum Dwarf Azalea Perennial Shrub 2-6 ft. detail
RHVI2 Rhododendron viscosum Swamp Azalea Perennial Shrub 5 feet detail
RHVIS Rhododendron viscosum var. serrulatum detail
RHCOC Rhus copallinum var. copallinum Winged Sumac Perennial Tree, Shrub detail
RHMI11 Rhus michauxii Michaux’s Sumac Perennial Subshrub, Shrub detail
RHGR2 Rhynchospora grayi Gray’s Beaksedge Perennial Graminoid detail
RISC Richardia scabra Rough Mexican Clover Annual Forb/herb detail
RUAC3 Rumex acetosella Common Sheep Sorrel Perennial Forb/herb 4-16 in. detail
RUHA2 Rumex hastatulus Heartwing Dock Perennial Forb/herb to 2 ft. detail
SAEN Sagittaria engelmanniana Engelmann’s Arrowhead Perennial Forb/herb 8-30 in. detail
SAAZA Salvia azurea var. azurea Azure Sage Perennial Forb/herb 2-5 ft. detail
SALY2 Salvia lyrata Lyreleaf Sage Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
SACA12 Sambucus canadensis Common Elderberry height and spread 8-12 feet detail
SAFL4 Sarracenia flava Yellow Pitcherplant Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
SAPU4 Sarracenia purpurea Northern Purple Pitcherplant Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb detail
SAAL5 Sassafras albidum Sassafras Perennial Tree, Shrub to 30 feet detail
SELI5 Sericocarpus linifolius Narrow-leaf White-topped Aster Perennial Forb/herb 8-24 in. detail
SETO7 Sericocarpus tortifolius Dixie Whitetop Aster Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
SIST Silene stellata Starry Campion Perennial Forb/herb 1-4 ft. detail
SIVI4 Silene virginica Fire Pink Perennial Forb/herb 12-18 in. detail
SMRO Smilax rotundifolia Bullbriar Perennial Shrub, Vine detail
SMWA Smilax walteri Coral Greenbrier Perennial Shrub, Vine 5-20 ft. detail
SONEN Solidago nemoralis var. nemoralis Eastern Gray Goldenrod Perennial Forb/herb detail
SOOD Solidago odora Anise-scented Goldenrod Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
SORU2 Solidago rugosa Rough-leaf Goldenrod Perennial Forb/herb 3-5 ft. detail
SOST Solidago stricta Pine Barren Bog Goldenrod Perennial Forb/herb 4-6 ft. detail
SONU2 Sorghastrum nutans Yellow Indiangrass Perennial Graminoid 6 ft. detail
SPJU Sporobolus junceus Sandhills Dropseed detail
STSE3 Stipulicida setacea Coastal Plain Wireplant Perennial Forb/herb 2-10 in. detail
STGR4 Styrax grandifolius Bigleaf Snowbell Perennial Tree, Shrub 8-12 ft. detail
SYWA Symphyotrichum walteri Walter’s American-aster Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
SYTI Symplocos tinctoria Horsesugar Perennial Tree, Shrub detail
TEVI Tephrosia virginiana Virginia Goat’s-rue Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
TOPU2 Toxicodendron pubescens Poison Oak Perennial Subshrub, Shrub, Forb/herb detail
TRCA4 Tridens carolinianus Carolina Fluffgrass Perennial Graminoid detail
TRPU4 Triplasis purpurea Purple Sandgrass Annual Graminoid detail
VAAR Vaccinium arboreum Sparkleberry Perennial Tree, Shrub 15 feet x 15 feet detail
VACR Vaccinium crassifolium Creeping Blueberry Perennial Shrub, Subshrub 5-8 inches detail
VAFO Vaccinium formosum Southern Highbush Blueberry Perennial Shrub detail
VAFU Vaccinium fuscatum Black Highbush Blueberry Perennial Shrub to 15 ft detail
VAPA4 Vaccinium pallidum Early Lowbush Blueberry Perennial Subshrub, Shrub detail
VATE3 Vaccinium tenellum Small Black Blueberry Perennial Subshrub, Shrub detail
VEAC Vernonia acaulis Stemless Ironweed Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
VEAN Vernonia angustifolia Carolina Sandhill Ironweed Perennial Forb/herb 2-4 ft. detail
VINU Viburnum nudum Possumhaw Perennial Tree, Shrub to 15 feet detail
VIPR Viburnum prunifolium Smooth Blackhaw Perennial Tree, Shrub to 25 ft. detail
VIPE Viola pedata Bird’s-foot Violet Perennial Forb/herb 2-8 in. detail
WIFR Wisteria frutescens American Wisteria Perennial Vine to 25-30 feet detail
XYCA Xyris caroliniana Carolina Yelloweyed Grass Perennial Forb/herb 8 -36 in. detail
YUAL Yucca aloifolia Spanish Bayonet Perennial Tree, Shrub detail
YUFI Yucca filamentosa Adam’s Needle Perennial Subshrub, Shrub, Forb/herb 4-8 ft. detail
ZEPU3 Zenobia pulverulenta Honeycup Perennial Shrub 4-6 ft. detail
ZEAT Zephyranthes atamasca Atamasco Lily Perennial Forb/herb 6-8 in. detail
ZIGL Zigadenus glaberrimus Large Death-camas Perennial Forb/herb 1-3.5 ft. detail