Special Collections


NCBG - Piedmont Habitat

This garden was once Laurel Hill Road! Now it is a series of beds that display plant communities of the Piedmont with a focus on the plants that prefer sunny sites. You will see roadside wildflowers, a representation of a diabase glade featuring a number of rare plants, and a collection of old farm implements that remind us of the impact that the Piedmont's agricultural history has had on the landscape. There are things to see in this collection year round, but summer and fall are the best times to take in the perennials and grasses that dominate the Piedmont habitat.

Last Update: 2020-01-01

Print Options: Plant list only | Plant list with images
id_plant scientific common duration habit height thumb detail
ACLE Acer leucoderme Chalk Maple Perennial Tree, Shrub to 30 ft. detail
ACRA7 Actaea racemosa Early Black-cohosh Perennial Forb/herb 3-8 ft. detail
AESY Aesculus sylvatica Painted Buckeye Perennial Tree, Shrub 3-16 ft. detail
ALFA2 Aletris farinosa White Colicroot Perennial Forb/herb 1-3.5 ft. detail
ALSU Alisma subcordatum American Water-plantain Perennial Forb/herb to 3 ft. above water detail
ALCE2 Allium cernuum Nodding Onion Perennial Forb/herb 12-15 in. detail
AMAR3 Amelanchier arborea Downy Serviceberry Perennial Tree, Shrub 15-25 ft. detail
AMSC2 Amorpha schwerinii Tall Indigo-bush Perennial Shrub detail
AMTAT Amsonia tabernaemontana var. tabernaemontana Eastern Bluestar Perennial Forb/herb detail
ANGE Andropogon gerardii Big Bluestem Perennial Graminoid 4-8 ft. detail
ANGY2 Andropogon gyrans Elliott’s Bluestem Perennial Graminoid detail
ANTE2 Andropogon ternarius Split-beard Bluestem Perennial Graminoid 1.5-4 ft. detail
ANVI2 Andropogon virginicus Broomstraw Perennial Graminoid detail
ANPAF Antennaria parlinii ssp. fallax Big-head Pussytoes Perennial Forb/herb 6-12 in. detail
ARPU8 Aristida purpurascens Arrowfeather Threeawn Perennial Graminoid detail
ARAC3 Arnica acaulis Leopard’s-bane Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
ARAR7 Aronia arbutifolia Red Chokeberry up to 12 ft. detail
ASIN Asclepias incarnata Swamp Milkweed Perennial Forb/herb 3-6 ft. detail
ASTU Asclepias tuberosa Butterfly Milkweed Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
ASVA Asclepias variegata White Milkweed Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
ASVE Asclepias verticillata Whorled Milkweed Perennial Forb/herb 8-24 in. detail
ASVI Asclepias viridiflora Green Comet Milkweed Perennial Forb/herb to 2 1/2 ft. detail
ASTR Asimina triloba Common Pawpaw Perennial Tree, Shrub height and spread 15-30 feet detail
ASBI4 Astilbe biternata Appalachian False Goat’s Beard Perennial Forb/herb 3-6 ft. detail
BAAL3 Baptisia albescens Spiked Wild Indigo Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
BAAUA2 Baptisia australis var. aberrans Eastern Prairie Blue Wild Indigo Perennial Forb/herb detail
BECA2 Berberis canadensis Allegheny Barberry Perennial Shrub detail
BIAR Bidens aristosa Ditch-daisy Annual, Biennial Forb/herb to 6 ft. detail
BLCI Blephilia ciliata Downy Woodmint Perennial Forb/herb 1-2.5 ft. (Spread 1-1.5 ft.) detail
CACA18 Carpinus caroliniana Ironwood Perennial Tree, Shrub 13-50 ft. detail
CAPU9 Castanea pumila Chinquapin Perennial Tree, Shrub detail
CACO17 Castilleja coccinea Eastern Indian-paintbrush Annual Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
CEAM Ceanothus americanus New Jersey Tea Perennial Subshrub, Shrub 3-4 ft. detail
CEVI2 Centrosema virginianum Spurred Butterfly Pea Perennial Vine, Forb/herb to 5 ft. long detail
CEOC2 Cephalanthus occidentalis Buttonbush Perennial Tree, Shrub 4-8 ft. detail
CECA4 Cercis canadensis Eastern Redbud Perennial Tree, Shrub 16–33 ft. detail
CHTH2 Chamaecyparis thyoides Atlantic White Cedar Perennial Tree up to 50 ft. detail
CHLU Chamaelirium luteum Fairy-wand Perennial Forb/herb 1-4 ft. detail
CHLA5 Chasmanthium latifolium River Oats Perennial Graminoid 2-4 ft. detail
CHLA6 Chasmanthium laxum Slender Woodoats Perennial Graminoid 2 ft. detail
CHVI3 Chionanthus virginicus Fringe-tree Perennial Tree, Shrub to 25 ft. detail
CHVI5 Chrysogonum virginianum Green-and-gold Perennial Forb/herb 2-10 in. detail
CHMA14 Chrysopsis mariana Maryland Golden-aster Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
CIMA2 Cicuta maculata Spotted Water Hemlock Biennial, Perennial Forb/herb 2-6 ft. detail
CLVI3 Claytonia virginica Eastern Springbeauty Perennial Forb/herb 4-6 in. detail
CLOC Clematis ochroleuca Curlyheads Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb 3 ft. detail
CLVI4 Clematis viorna Northern Leatherflower Perennial Vine Climbs 8-10 feet or more detail
CLMA4 Clitoria mariana Butterfly Pea Perennial Vine, Forb/herb to nearly 2 ft. long detail
COCO13 Conoclinium coelestinum Blue Mistflower Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
COAU Coreopsis auriculata Lobed Tickseed Perennial Forb/herb 6-8 in. detail
COMA6 Coreopsis major Greater Tickseed Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
COVE5 Coreopsis verticillata Whorled Tickseed Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
COAM3 Corylus americana American Hazelnut Perennial Shrub 10-16 ft. detail
CRMA5 Crataegus marshallii Parsley Haw Perennial Tree, Shrub detail
CRUN Crataegus uniflora Dwarf Hawthorn Perennial Tree, Shrub detail
CUOR Cunila origanoides American-dittany Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb 8-16 in. detail
DICA3 Dichondra carolinensis Carolina Ponyfoot Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 in. detail
DRCE Dryopteris celsa Log Fern Perennial Forb/herb 2-4 ft. detail
ECLA Echinacea laevigata Smooth Purple Coneflower Perennial Forb/herb 1 1/2-4 ft. detail
ENSE4 Endodeca serpentaria Virginia Snakeroot 4-24 in. detail
EPRE2 Epigaea repens Ground Laurel Perennial Subshrub, Shrub 4-6 in. detail
ERAL2 Erianthus alopecuroides Silver Plume Grass 3-9 ft. detail
ERCO2 Erianthus contortus Bent-awn Plume Grass detail
ERYU Eryngium yuccifolium Northern Rattlesnake-master Perennial Forb/herb 2-4 ft. detail
ERUM2 Erythronium umbilicatum Dimpled Troutlily Perennial Forb/herb 4-10 in. detail
EURA14 Eubotrys racemosus Swamp Doghobble Perennial Shrub to 6 ft. detail
EUAM9 Euonymus americanus Heart’s-a-bustin’ Perennial Forb/herb, Subshrub 4-6 ft. detail
EUFI14 Eutrochium fistulosum Hollow-stem Joe-pye-weed Perennial Forb/herb 5-8 ft. detail
FOGA Fothergilla gardenii Dwarf Witchalder Perennial Shrub 3 ft. detail
GAPR2 Gaultheria procumbens Eastern Teaberry Perennial Subshrub, Shrub 2–6 in. detail
GABA Gaylussacia baccata Black Huckleberry Perennial Shrub 1-3 ft. detail
GEVI5 Gentiana villosa Striped Gentian Perennial Forb/herb 8-22 in. detail
HAVI4 Hamamelis virginiana American Witch-hazel Perennial Tree, Shrub 8-20 ft.; width 8-20 ft. detail
HEAT Helianthus atrorubens Purpledisk Sunflower Perennial Forb/herb 2 1/2-6 1/2 ft. detail
HEDE Helianthus decapetalus Forest Sunflower Perennial Forb/herb 2-5 ft. (occasionally to 8 ft.) detail
HEDI2 Helianthus divaricatus Woodland Sunflower Perennial Forb/herb 2-7 ft. detail
HELA2 Helianthus laevigatus Smooth Sunflower Perennial Forb/herb detail
HEMI3 Helianthus microcephalus Small-headed Sunflower Perennial Forb/herb 2-6 1/2 ft. (occasionally taller) detail
HEST Helianthus strumosus Paleleaf Woodland Sunflower Perennial Forb/herb 3-9 ft. detail
HEAM6 Heuchera americana American Alumroot Perennial Forb/herb 6-10 in. detail
HEAR6 Hexastylis arifolia Little Brown Jug Perennial Forb/herb 2-6 in. detail
HEMI13 Hexastylis minor Little Heartleaf Perennial Forb/herb 3-6 in. detail
HIMO Hibiscus moscheutos Crimson-eyed Rose-mallow Annual, Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb 4-6 ft. detail
HOCA4 Houstonia caerulea Azure Bluet Perennial Forb/herb 2-6 in. detail
HOPU2 Houstonia purpurea Summer Bluet Perennial Forb/herb 4-12 in. detail
HYCR3 Hypericum crux-andreae St. Peter’s-wort Perennial Subshrub, Shrub 1-3 ft. detail
HYLL Hypericum lloydii Sandhill St. Johnswort Subshrub 1-2 ft. detail
ILDE Ilex decidua Deciduous Holly Perennial Tree, Shrub 7-20 ft. detail
ILOP Ilex opaca American Holly Perennial Tree, Shrub 15-30 ft. tall, spread 10-20 ft. detail
IRCR Iris cristata Dwarf Crested Iris Perennial Forb/herb 4-6 in. detail
ITVI Itea virginica Virginia Sweetspire Perennial Shrub 3-4 ft.; width 3-4 ft. detail
JUVI Juniperus virginiana Eastern Redcedar Perennial Tree (2–)10–20(–37) m tall. detail
KALA Kalmia latifolia Mountain Laurel Perennial Tree, Shrub 10-15 ft. detail
LISQ Liatris squarrosa Scaly Blazing Star Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 1/2 ft. detail
LISQ2 Liatris squarrulosa Southern Blazing-star Perennial Forb/herb 2 to 6 ft. detail
LIMI Lilium michauxii Carolina Lily Perennial Forb/herb 18 in.-3 1/2 feet detail
LILI3 Liparis liliifolia Lily-leaf Twayblade Perennial Forb/herb to 1 ft. detail
LICA12 Lithospermum canescens Hoary Puccoon Perennial Forb/herb 4-20 in. detail
LOCA2 Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal Flower Perennial Forb/herb 2-4 ft. detail
LOPU Lobelia puberula Downy Lobelia Perennial Forb/herb 2-4 ft. detail
LUAC Luzula acuminata Hairy Woodrush Perennial Graminoid up to 1 ft. detail
LYMA2 Lyonia mariana Piedmont Staggerbush Perennial Shrub 3-4 ft. detail
MATR Magnolia tripetala Umbrella Magnolia Perennial Tree 30-40 ft. detail
MAVI2 Magnolia virginiana Sweetbay Perennial Tree, Shrub 20-30 ft. detail
MARA7 Maianthemum racemosum Eastern Solomon’s-plume Perennial Forb/herb 10-24 in. detail
MALE8 Marshallia legrandii Oak Barrens Barbara’s-buttons Perennial Forb/herb detail
MAOBO Marshallia obovata var. obovata Piedmont Barbara's-buttons Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
MEMU Melica mutica Two-flower Melic Grass Perennial Graminoid 1 - 2 ft detail
MIVI7 Micranthes virginiensis Early Saxifrage 4-18 in. detail
MIRE Mitchella repens Partridge-berry Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb to 4 in. (trailing 1/2-1 ft.) detail
MOFI Monarda fistulosa Appalachian Bergamot Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb 2-5 ft. detail
MUCA2 Muhlenbergia capillaris Hairgrass Perennial Graminoid 3 ft. detail
OEFR Oenothera fruticosa Southern Sundrops Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
OSVI Ostrya virginiana American Hop-hornbeam Perennial Tree, Shrub 25-40 ft. detail
OXAR Oxydendrum arboreum Sourwood Perennial Tree, Shrub to 30 feet or more detail
PAAN6 Packera anonyma Small’s Ragwort Perennial Forb/herb 1-2.5 ft. detail
PAAU7 Parthenium auriculatum Glade Wild Quinine Perennial Forb/herb detail
PAIN3 Parthenium integrifolium Wild Quinine Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
PAIN6 Passiflora incarnata Purple Passionflower Perennial Vine, Forb/herb to 12 ft. detail
PECA8 Penstemon canescens Eastern Gray Beardtongue Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 1/2 ft. detail
PELA8 Penstemon laevigatus Eastern Beardtongue Perennial Forb/herb 1-4 ft. detail
PHNI Phlox nivalis Pineland Phlox Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb 4-12 in. detail
PIAV Piptochaetium avenaceum Eastern Needlegrass Perennial Graminoid 3 ft. detail
PIAD2 Pityopsis adenolepis Carolina Silkgrass 8-18 in. detail
POPE Podophyllum peltatum May-apple Perennial Forb/herb 12-18 in. detail
POAC4 Polystichum acrostichoides Christmas Fern Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
POCA17 Potentilla canadensis Dwarf Cinquefoil Perennial Forb/herb 2-4 in. detail
PYTE Pycnanthemum tenuifolium Narrow-leaf Mountain-mint Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 1/2 ft. detail
PYVEV Pycnanthemum verticillatum var. verticillatum Perennial Forb/herb detail
RHPE4 Rhododendron periclymenoides Pinxter-flower Perennial Shrub 4-6 ft. detail
RHVI2 Rhododendron viscosum Swamp Azalea Perennial Shrub 5 feet detail
RHCO Rhus copallinum Winged Sumac Perennial Tree, Shrub 20-30 ft. detail
RHGL Rhus glabra Smooth Sumac Perennial Tree, Shrub 9-15 ft. detail
ROCA4 Rosa carolina Carolina Rose Perennial Subshrub height and spread 3-6 ft. detail
RUTR Rubus trivialis Southern Dewberry Perennial Subshrub, Vine detail
RUFUF Rudbeckia fulgida var. fulgida Orange Coneflower Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
RUCA4 Ruellia caroliniensis Carolina Wild Petunia Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
SAAN Sabatia angularis Common Marsh-pink Annual Forb/herb 8-32 in. detail
SAQU Sabatia quadrangula Four-angle Rose-gentian Annual, Biennial Forb/herb detail
SALY2 Salvia lyrata Lyreleaf Sage Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
SAUR Salvia urticifolia Nettle-leaf Sage Perennial Forb/herb 6-30 in. detail
SACA13 Sanguinaria canadensis Bloodroot Perennial Forb/herb 6-12 in. detail
SCSC Schizachyrium scoparium Little Bluestem Perennial Graminoid 2-3 ft. detail
SCIN2 Scutellaria integrifolia Large-flower Skullcap Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
SETE3 Sedum ternatum Woodland Stonecrop Perennial Forb/herb 3-6 in. detail
SEAS3 Sericocarpus asteroides Toothed White-topped Aster Perennial Forb/herb 8-24 in. detail
SELI5 Sericocarpus linifolius Narrow-leaf White-topped Aster Perennial Forb/herb 8-24 in. detail
SIVI4 Silene virginica Fire Pink Perennial Forb/herb 12-18 in. detail
SIASA3 Silphium asteriscus var. asteriscus Starry Rosinweed Perennial Forb/herb 3-6 ft. detail
SICOC Silphium compositum var. compositum Kidneyleaf Rosinweed Perennial Forb/herb 1 1/2-8 ft. detail
SITE Silphium terebinthinaceum Prairie Rosinweed Perennial Forb/herb detail
SOBI Solidago bicolor Silverrod Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
SOCA4 Solidago caesia Axillary Goldenrod Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
SOER Solidago erecta Slender Goldenrod Perennial Forb/herb 1-4 ft. detail
SONEN Solidago nemoralis var. nemoralis Eastern Gray Goldenrod Perennial Forb/herb detail
SOPT4 Solidago ptarmicoides White Prairie-goldenrod detail
SOPU Solidago puberula Downy Goldenrod Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
SORIG Solidago rigida var. glabrata Southeastern Stiff-leaved Goldenrod detail
SOEL3 Sorghastrum elliottii Long-bristle Indiangrass Perennial Graminoid 6 ft. detail
SONU2 Sorghastrum nutans Yellow Indiangrass Perennial Graminoid 6 ft. detail
STUM2 Strophostyles umbellata Perennial Sand Bean Perennial Vine, Forb/herb to 6 ft. (long) detail
STGR4 Styrax grandifolius Bigleaf Snowbell Perennial Tree, Shrub 8-12 ft. detail
SYCO3 Symphyotrichum concolor Eastern Silvery Aster Perennial Forb/herb 1 1/2-4 ft. detail
SYGE Symphyotrichum georgianum Georgia Aster Perennial Forb/herb detail
SYGR5 Symphyotrichum grandiflorum Large-flower American-aster Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
SYLAC Symphyotrichum laeve var. concinnum Smooth Blue American-aster Perennial Forb/herb detail
SYLAL7 Symphyotrichum lateriflorum var. lateriflorum Starved Aster Perennial Forb/herb detail
SYPA11 Symphyotrichum patens Clasping American-aster Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
SYUN Symphyotrichum undulatum Clasping Heart-leaf Aster Perennial Forb/herb 2-5 ft. detail
SYUR Symphyotrichum urophyllum White Arrowleaf Aster Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
TAIN Taenidia integerrima Yellow Pimpernel Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
TESP Tephrosia spicata Spiked Hoarypea Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
THTH2 Thalictrum thalictroides Windflower Perennial Forb/herb 4-8 in. detail
TICOC Tiarella cordifolia var. collina Foamflower Perennial Forb/herb 6-12 in.; spread-1 ft. detail
TIDI Tipularia discolor Cranefly Orchid Perennial Forb/herb 4-20 in. detail
TRDI2 Trichostema dichotomum Forked Bluecurls Annual Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
TRFL2 Tridens flavus Tall Redtop Perennial Graminoid detail
TRCA11 Trillium catesbaei Catesby’s Trillium Perennial Forb/herb 10-18 in. detail
TRCU Trillium cuneatum Little Sweet Betsy Perennial Forb/herb 6-11 in. detail
TRPE4 Triodanis perfoliata Venus’ Looking-glass Annual Forb/herb 4-12 in. detail
TRDA3 Tripsacum dactyloides Gama Grass Perennial Graminoid detail
VAAR Vaccinium arboreum Sparkleberry Perennial Tree, Shrub 15 feet x 15 feet detail
VAFU Vaccinium fuscatum Black Highbush Blueberry Perennial Shrub to 15 ft detail
VAPA4 Vaccinium pallidum Early Lowbush Blueberry Perennial Subshrub, Shrub detail
VAST Vaccinium stamineum Common Deerberry Perennial Shrub 6 feet tall and wide detail
VEAC Vernonia acaulis Stemless Ironweed Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
VEGL Vernonia glauca Broadleaf Ironweed Perennial Forb/herb 3-5 ft. detail
VIAC Viburnum acerifolium Maple-leaf Arrow-wood Perennial Shrub, Subshrub 5-6 ft. detail
VINU Viburnum nudum Possumhaw Perennial Tree, Shrub to 15 feet detail
VIRA Viburnum rafinesqueanum Downy Arrow-wood Perennial Shrub up-6 feet detail
VIRU Viburnum rufidulum Rusty Blackhaw Perennial Tree, Shrub detail
VIPE Viola pedata Bird’s-foot Violet Perennial Forb/herb 2-8 in. detail
ZEAT Zephyranthes atamasca Atamasco Lily Perennial Forb/herb 6-8 in. detail
ZIAU Zizia aurea Common Golden Alexanders Perennial Forb/herb 1-2.5 ft. detail