NCBG North Carolina Botanical Garden

One Ring to rule them all, One Ring to find them, One Ring to bring them all and in the darkness bind them. - J.R.R. Tolkien

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Plant Family:

Zornia bracteata

Zornia bracteata Walter ex J.F. Gmel.

viperina

Zornia bracteata (Viperina)
image by Sorrie, Bruce A.
NCBG PLANT INDEX
ID_PLANT: ZOBR
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Zornia bracteata
GENUS: Zornia
FAMILY: FABACE - Fabaceae (Legume Family)

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES
INTRO: Reclining, carpet-forming perennial of flatwoods, sandhills and sandy roadsides.
STEMS: Stems mostly prostrate, much-branched, smooth.
LEAVES: Leaves alternate, on long petioles with a pair of lobed stipules at the base, palmately divided into 4 lance-linear leaflets that are mostly smooth and spine-tipped.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers in erect, terminal spikes of 3-10 flowers, each flower subtended and partially covered by a pair of striate, oval bracts. Flowers yellow, less than 1/2 in. long, bilaterally symmetric, with typical pea-flower shape, including a large, erect banner petal that is red-streaked.
FRUITS: Fruit a bristly, jointed pod with a beaked tip.
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 8-22 in. (long)

DURATION: Annual
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Palmate
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL
SYMMETRY: Bilateral (Zygomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: Jun-Aug
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Yellow
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Jul-Oct.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Disturbed, Dry forests, Sandhills
NATIVE RANGE:

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE:
LIGHT EXPOSURE:
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
USDA PLANTS DATABASE
USDA Symbol: ZOBR
USDA Common Name: Viperina
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, FL, GA, LA, MS, NC, SC, TX, VA)
Duration: Annual
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

WEAKLEY FLORA
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Zornia bracteata
COMMON NAME: Viperina
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, G, I, K1, K3, RAB, S, SE, Va, WH3]
PHENOLOGY: Jun-Aug; Jul-Oct.
HABITAT: Flatwoods, sandhills, sandy roadsides.
COMMENTS: Se. VA south to s. FL, west to TX and e. Mexico, endemic to the Southeastern Coastal Plain.
RANGE MAP: Zornia bracteata.png

Key to Map Symbols.

ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Fabaceae Lindley 1836 or LEGUMINOSAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Legume Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 730 genera and 20,000 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, cosmopolitan.
REFERENCE: Isely (1990)=SE (throughout the family treatment); Isely (1998)=I; Lewis et al. (2005); Wojciechowski, Lavin, & Sanderson (2004); Wilbur (1963a); Robertson & Lee (1976).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Zornia J. F. Gmelin 1792 (Zornia)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 50-90 species, perennial herbs, of tropical and warm temperate regions.
REFERENCE: Isely (1998)=I.
HERBARIUM RESOURCES
SERNEC: Find Zornia bracteata in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Zornia bracteata in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES
USDA: Find Zornia bracteata in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Zornia bracteata in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Zornia bracteata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Zornia bracteata

NCBG RECORD
ID IMAGE1: 10498
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 0
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-01-11

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 10499

Image ID: 10500

Image ID: 12240
4 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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