NCBG North Carolina Botanical Garden

One Ring to rule them all, One Ring to find them, One Ring to bring them all and in the darkness bind them. - J.R.R. Tolkien

Scientific Name: or show all plants or perform combination search
Plant Family:

Zizia trifoliata

Zizia trifoliata (Michx.) Fernald

meadow alexanders, mountain golden-alexanders

Zizia trifoliata (Meadow Alexanders)
image by Ware, Richard & Teresa
NCBG PLANT INDEX
ID_PLANT: ZITR
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Zizia trifoliata
GENUS: Zizia
FAMILY: APIACE - Apiaceae (Carrot Family)

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES
INTRO: Erect perennial of moist forests, woodlands and woodland borders.
STEMS: Stems slender, with longitudinal lines, branched above, smooth.
LEAVES: Leaves basal and alternate on the stem, petiolate (petioles reduced upward), pinnately divided into 3-7 oval to lance-shaped leaflets (basal leaves usually with 3 leaflets), each leaflet to 2 in. long, coarsely serrate, leathery, shiny, smooth.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers in flat-topped compound umbels, to 3 in. wide, at stem and branch ends, with 6-12 umbellets each, each containing 4-12 flowers. Flowers golden yellow, less than 1/4 in. wide, with 5 incurved petals, 5 protruding stamens and a protruding, divided style.
FRUITS: Fruit a joined pair of ridged, oval seeds.
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 1-3 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL
SYMMETRY: Radial (Actinomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: Apr-May
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x

BLOOM COLOR: Yellow
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Jul-Aug.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Moist forests, Woods margins
NATIVE RANGE:

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE:
LIGHT EXPOSURE:
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
USDA PLANTS DATABASE
USDA Symbol: ZITR
USDA Common Name: Meadow Alexanders
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, DC, FL, GA, KY, MD, NC, SC, TN, VA, WV)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FAC FACU

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast
WEAKLEY FLORA
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Zizia trifoliata
COMMON NAME: Mountain Golden-Alexanders
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, G, GW, K, RAB, Va, W, WH3, WV; > Z. trifoliata - MC; > Z. latifolia Small - MC, S; > Z. bebbii (Coulter & Rose) Britton - S]
PHENOLOGY: Apr-May; Jul-Aug.
HABITAT: Moist forests, woodlands, and woodland borders; common (rare in Coastal Plain).
COMMENTS: MD, VA, WV, and TN south to n. peninsular FL, Panhandle FL, and c. AL; a report for AR (Kartesz 2010) is false.
RANGE MAP: Zizia trifoliata.png

Key to Map Symbols.

ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Apiaceae Lindley 1836 or UMBELLIFERAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Carrot Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 445 genera and about 3540 species of herbs (rarely shrubs or trees), cosmopolitan, but especially north temperate. Hydrocotyle is more closely related to Araliaceae, and has been transferred there (Chandler & Plunkett 2004).
REFERENCE: Mathias & Constance (1945)=MC. [also see ARALIACEAE]
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Zizia W.D.J. Koch 1825 (Golden-Alexanders)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 4 species, herbs, temperate, of North America.
REFERENCE: Mathias & Constance (1945)=MC; Cooperrider (1985)=Z.
HERBARIUM RESOURCES
SERNEC: Find Zizia trifoliata in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Zizia trifoliata in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES
USDA: Find Zizia trifoliata in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Zizia trifoliata in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Zizia trifoliata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Zizia trifoliata

NCBG RECORD
ID IMAGE1: 19261
ID IMAGE2: 19261
ID IMAGE3: 19261
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-01-11

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 19629

Image ID: 19263

Image ID: 19262

Image ID: 28412
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