NCBG North Carolina Botanical Garden

One Ring to rule them all, One Ring to find them, One Ring to bring them all and in the darkness bind them. - J.R.R. Tolkien

Scientific Name: or show all plants or perform combination search
Plant Family:

Zigadenus glaberrimus

Zigadenus glaberrimus Michx.

large death-camas, sandbog deathcamas, snakeroot

Zigadenus glaberrimus (Large Death-camas)
image by Stuart, Will
NCBG PLANT INDEX
ID_PLANT: ZIGL
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Zigadenus glaberrimus
GENUS: Zigadenus
FAMILY: LILIAC - Liliaceae (Lily Family)

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES
INTRO: Erect perennial from a blackish horizontal rhizome, often growing in clumps, in sandhill seepage bogs, pine savannas and on pocosin edges.
STEMS: Stems obscurely 3-angled and smooth.
LEAVES: Leaves basal, ascending, lance-shaped, 3–5 in. long and keeled on the underside.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers in a loosely pyramidal panicle with smooth, ascending branches; off-white; composed of 6 oval to lance-shaped, sharp-tipped tepals, each with 2 distinctive dot-shaped glands near the base.
FRUITS: Fruit an oval to conic capsule that becomes reddish brown and persists through winter.
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 1-3.5 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Basal
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL
SYMMETRY: Radial (Actinomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: Late Jun-early Sep
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Creamy-white
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Aug-Nov.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Bogs/pocosins, Pine savannas, Sandhills
NATIVE RANGE: southeastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE:
LIGHT EXPOSURE:
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
USDA PLANTS DATABASE
USDA Symbol: ZIGL
USDA Common Name: Sandbog Deathcamas
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, FL, GA, MS, NC, SC, TX, VA)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACW OBL

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast
WEAKLEY FLORA
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Zigadenus glaberrimus
COMMON NAME: Large Death-camas, Snakeroot
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, FNA, GW, K, RAB, Va, WH3, Z; = Zygadenus glaberrimus - G, S (orthographic variant)]
PHENOLOGY: Late Jun-early Sep; Aug-Nov.
HABITAT: Sandhill seepage bogs, pine savannas, pocosin edges.
COMMENTS: Se. VA south to Panhandle FL, west to se. TX, on the Coastal Plain.
RANGE MAP: Zigadenus glaberrimus.png

Key to Map Symbols.

ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Liliaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Lily Family)
SUMMARY: As here interpreted narrowly, the Liliaceae constitutes about 11 genera and 550 species, of the Northern Hemisphere. There has been much investigation and re-interpretation of evidence regarding the upper-level taxonomy of the Liliales, with strong suggestions that the broad Liliaceae recognized by Cronquist (1981) is artificial and polyphyletic. Cronquist (1981) himself concurs, at least to a degree: we still await a comprehensive reorganization of the lilies into several families more comparable to other recognized families of angiosperms. Dahlgren & Clifford (1982) and Dahlgren, Clifford, & Yeo (1985) synthesized an early phase in the modern revolution of monocot taxonomy. Since then, additional research, especially molecular (Duvall et al. 1993, Chase et al. 1993, Bogler & Simpson 1995, and many others more recently), has strongly validated the general lines (and many details) of Dahlgrens arrangement.
REFERENCE: Chen et al. (2013); Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (1998, 2003, 2009); Tamura in Kubitzki (1998a). [also see AGAVACEAE, ALLIACEAE, ALSTROEMERIACEAE, AMARYLLIDACEAE, ASPARAGACEAE, COLCHICACEAE, HELONIADACEAE, HEMEROCALLIDACEAE, HOSTACEAE, HYACINTHACEAE, HYPOXIDACEAE, MELANTHIACEAE, NARTHECIACEAE, RUSCACEAE, SMILACACEAE, THEMIDACEAE, TOFIELDIACEAE, TRILLIACEAE, XEROPHYLLACEAE]
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Zigadenus Michaux 1803 (Death-camas)
SUMMARY: As redefined, a monotypic genus of se. North America. A molecular systematics study by Zomlefer et al. (2001) gives strong support to a treatment recognizing Zigadenus as monotypic (Zigadenus glaberrimus), Anticlea (including for our area the former Zigadenus elegans ssp. glaucus), Stenanthium (including for our area Stenanthium spp. and the former Zigadenus densus and Z. leimanthoides). Zigadenus (as redefined) has a chromosome number of 2n=54 (Zomlefer, McKain, & Rentsch 2014), unique in the family.
REFERENCE: Zomlefer (1997)=Z; Tamura in Kubitzki (1998a); Zomlefer et al. (2001); Schwartz in FNA (2002a); Zomlefer, McKain, & Rentsch 2014). [also see Anticlea, Stenanthium]
HERBARIUM RESOURCES
SERNEC: Find Zigadenus glaberrimus in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Zigadenus glaberrimus in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES
USDA: Find Zigadenus glaberrimus in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Zigadenus glaberrimus in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Zigadenus glaberrimus in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Zigadenus glaberrimus

NCBG RECORD
ID IMAGE1: 19443
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 19443
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-02-06

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17 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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