NCBG North Carolina Botanical Garden

One Ring to rule them all, One Ring to find them, One Ring to bring them all and in the darkness bind them. - J.R.R. Tolkien

Scientific Name: or show all plants or perform combination search
Plant Family:

Zigadenus elegans

Zigadenus elegans Pursh

mountain deathcamas

Zigadenus elegans (Mountain Deathcamas)
image by Fleming, Gary P.
NCBG PLANT INDEX
ID_PLANT: ZIEL2
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Zigadenus elegans
SELECTED SYNONYM: Zigadenus elegans
GENUS: Zigadenus
FAMILY: LILIAC - Liliaceae (Lily Family)

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES
INTRO: Erect perennial from a bulb, found in limestone and dolostone woodlands, glades, cliffs and outcrops.
STEMS: Stems unbranched, scape-like, rising from a cluster of basal leaves, bluish-green with a white-waxy coating.
LEAVES: Basal leaves linear, 4-12 in. long and 1/4-1/2 in. wide, with faint parallel lines, a keeled mid-rib beneath and smooth; stem leaves few, alternate, clasping to sheathing at the base, reduced in size and folded lengthwise.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers on short stalks (a bract at the base of each) in an open, terminal panicle up to 1 ft. long. Flowers creamy white, 1/2-3/4 in. wide, consisting of 6 oval tepals that are greenish-bronze to purple on the outside and with a thick, greenish-yellow, heart-shaped gland on the white inside surface; in the center is a cone-shaped style split into 3 arching stigmas and surrounded by 6 stamens.
FRUITS: Fruit an erect, 3-celled, oval capsule.
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 9-36 in.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Basal
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL
SYMMETRY: Radial (Actinomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: Jul-Aug
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x

BLOOM COLOR: White
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Sep-Oct.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Dry forests, Outcrops and glades
NATIVE RANGE:

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE:
LIGHT EXPOSURE:
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
USDA PLANTS DATABASE
USDA Symbol: ZIEL2
USDA Common Name: Mountain Deathcamas
Native Status: L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AK, AZ, CO, IA, ID, IL, IN, MI, MN, MO, MT, NC, ND, NE, NM, NV, NY, OH, OR, PA, SD, TN, TX, UT, VA, VT, WA, WI, WV, WY), CAN (AB, BC, MB, NB, NT, ON, QC, SK, YT)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

WEAKLEY FLORA
SCIENTIFIC NAME:
COMMON NAME:
SYNONYMY:
PHENOLOGY:
HABITAT:
COMMENTS:
RANGE MAP:

Key to Map Symbols.

ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Liliaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Lily Family)
SUMMARY: As here interpreted narrowly, the Liliaceae constitutes about 11 genera and 550 species, of the Northern Hemisphere. There has been much investigation and re-interpretation of evidence regarding the upper-level taxonomy of the Liliales, with strong suggestions that the broad Liliaceae recognized by Cronquist (1981) is artificial and polyphyletic. Cronquist (1981) himself concurs, at least to a degree: we still await a comprehensive reorganization of the lilies into several families more comparable to other recognized families of angiosperms. Dahlgren & Clifford (1982) and Dahlgren, Clifford, & Yeo (1985) synthesized an early phase in the modern revolution of monocot taxonomy. Since then, additional research, especially molecular (Duvall et al. 1993, Chase et al. 1993, Bogler & Simpson 1995, and many others more recently), has strongly validated the general lines (and many details) of Dahlgrens arrangement.
REFERENCE: Chen et al. (2013); Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (1998, 2003, 2009); Tamura in Kubitzki (1998a). [also see AGAVACEAE, ALLIACEAE, ALSTROEMERIACEAE, AMARYLLIDACEAE, ASPARAGACEAE, COLCHICACEAE, HELONIADACEAE, HEMEROCALLIDACEAE, HOSTACEAE, HYACINTHACEAE, HYPOXIDACEAE, MELANTHIACEAE, NARTHECIACEAE, RUSCACEAE, SMILACACEAE, THEMIDACEAE, TOFIELDIACEAE, TRILLIACEAE, XEROPHYLLACEAE]
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Zigadenus Michaux 1803 (Death-camas)
SUMMARY: As redefined, a monotypic genus of se. North America. A molecular systematics study by Zomlefer et al. (2001) gives strong support to a treatment recognizing Zigadenus as monotypic (Zigadenus glaberrimus), Anticlea (including for our area the former Zigadenus elegans ssp. glaucus), Stenanthium (including for our area Stenanthium spp. and the former Zigadenus densus and Z. leimanthoides). Zigadenus (as redefined) has a chromosome number of 2n=54 (Zomlefer, McKain, & Rentsch 2014), unique in the family.
REFERENCE: Zomlefer (1997)=Z; Tamura in Kubitzki (1998a); Zomlefer et al. (2001); Schwartz in FNA (2002a); Zomlefer, McKain, & Rentsch 2014). [also see Anticlea, Stenanthium]
HERBARIUM RESOURCES
SERNEC: Find Zigadenus elegans in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Zigadenus elegans in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES
USDA: Find Zigadenus elegans in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Zigadenus elegans in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Zigadenus elegans in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Zigadenus elegans

NCBG RECORD
ID IMAGE1: 33685
ID IMAGE2: 33686
ID IMAGE3: 0
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-01-22

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 33686
2 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Go back