NCBG PLANT INDEX
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Zigadenus elegans
SELECTED SYNONYM: Zigadenus elegans GENUS: Zigadenus
FAMILY: LILIAC - Liliaceae (Lily Family) NCBG DESCRIPTIVES
INTRO: Erectperennial from a bulb, found in limestone and dolostone woodlands, glades, cliffs and outcrops.
STEMS: Stems unbranched, scape-like, rising from a cluster of basal leaves, bluish-green with a white-waxy coating.
LEAVES: Basal leaves linear, 4-12 in. long and 1/4-1/2 in. wide, with faint parallellines, a keeled mid-rib beneath and smooth; stem leaves few, alternate,clasping to sheathing at the base,reduced in size and folded lengthwise.
FLOWERS: Flowers on short stalks (a bract at the base of each) in an open, terminalpanicle up to 1 ft. long. Flowers creamy white, 1/2-3/4 in. wide, consisting of 6 oval tepals that are greenish-bronze to purple on the outside and with a thick, greenish-yellow, heart-shaped gland on the white inside surface; in the center is a cone-shaped style split into 3 arching stigmas and surrounded by 6 stamens.
FRUITS: Fruit an erect, 3-celled, oval capsule.
HEIGHT: 9-36 in. DURATION:
Basal LEAF COMPLEXITY:
Simple LEAF RETENTION: FLORAL
BLOOM TIME: Jul-Aug
BLOOM COLOR: White
FRUITING PERIOD: Sep-Oct. DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Dry forests, Outcrops and glades
NATIVE RANGE: HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:
Bloom Table Text:
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
USDA PLANTS DATABASE
USDA Symbol: ZIEL2
USDA Common Name: Mountain Deathcamas
Native Status: L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AK, AZ, CO, IA, ID, IL, IN, MI, MN, MO, MT, NC, ND, NE, NM, NV, NY, OH, OR, PA, SD, TN, TX, UT, VA, VT, WA, WI, WV, WY), CAN (AB, BC, MB, NB, NT, ON, QC, SK, YT)
Growth Habit: Forb/herb WEAKLEY FLORA
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora) Liliaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Lily Family) SUMMARY: As here interpreted narrowly, the Liliaceae constitutes about 11 genera and 550 species, of the Northern Hemisphere. There has been much investigation and re-interpretation of evidence regarding the upper-level taxonomy of the Liliales, with strong suggestions that the broad Liliaceae recognized by Cronquist (1981) is artificial and polyphyletic. Cronquist (1981) himself concurs, at least to a degree: we still await a comprehensive reorganization of the lilies into several families more comparable to other recognized families of angiosperms. Dahlgren & Clifford (1982) and Dahlgren, Clifford, & Yeo (1985) synthesized an early phase in the modern revolution of monocot taxonomy. Since then, additional research, especially molecular (Duvall et al. 1993, Chase et al. 1993, Bogler & Simpson 1995, and many others more recently), has strongly validated the general lines (and many details) of Dahlgrens arrangement. REFERENCE: Chen et al. (2013); Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (1998, 2003, 2009); Tamura in Kubitzki (1998a). [also see AGAVACEAE, ALLIACEAE, ALSTROEMERIACEAE, AMARYLLIDACEAE, ASPARAGACEAE, COLCHICACEAE, HELONIADACEAE, HEMEROCALLIDACEAE, HOSTACEAE, HYACINTHACEAE, HYPOXIDACEAE, MELANTHIACEAE, NARTHECIACEAE, RUSCACEAE, SMILACACEAE, THEMIDACEAE, TOFIELDIACEAE, TRILLIACEAE, XEROPHYLLACEAE]ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora) Zigadenus Michaux 1803 (Death-camas) SUMMARY: As redefined, a monotypic genus of se. North America. A molecular systematics study by Zomlefer et al. (2001) gives strong support to a treatment recognizing Zigadenus as monotypic (Zigadenus glaberrimus), Anticlea (including for our area the former Zigadenus elegans ssp. glaucus), Stenanthium (including for our area Stenanthium spp. and the former Zigadenus densus and Z. leimanthoides). Zigadenus (as redefined) has a chromosome number of 2n=54 (Zomlefer, McKain, & Rentsch 2014), unique in the family. REFERENCE: Zomlefer (1997)=Z; Tamura in Kubitzki (1998a); Zomlefer et al. (2001); Schwartz in FNA (2002a); Zomlefer, McKain, & Rentsch 2014). [also see Anticlea, Stenanthium]HERBARIUM RESOURCES SERNEC: Find Zigadenus elegans in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available) UNC SERNEC: Find Zigadenus elegans in
University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available) WEB RESOURCES USDA: Find Zigadenus elegans in USDA Plants NPIN: Find Zigadenus elegans in NPIN Database FNA: Find Zigadenus elegans in the Flora of North America (if available) Google: Search Google for Zigadenus elegans NCBG RECORD
ID IMAGE1: 33685
ID IMAGE2: 33686
ID IMAGE3: 0
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-01-22