One Ring to rule them all, One Ring to find them, One Ring to bring them all and in the darkness bind them. - J.R.R. Tolkien
Zizia aurea (L.) W.D.J. Koch
common golden alexanders, common golden-alexanders, golden zizia
NCBG PLANT INDEX
image by Oglesby, Emily
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Zizia aurea
FAMILY: APIACE - Apiaceae (Carrot Family)
INTRO: Erect perennial of moist forests.
STEMS: Stems slender, branched above, with longitudinal lines, smooth.
LEAVES: Leaves basal and alternate on the stem, petiolate (petioles shorter upward), pinnately divided into 3 or 5 lance-shaped to oval leaflets to 3 in. long each, the larger leaflets lobed and all margins toothed; shiny and smooth.
FLOWERS: Flowers in flat-topped, compound umbels, 2-3 in. wide, terminating stem and branches and consisting of around 12 umbellets each. Flowers stalked, except for the central one in each umbellet; bright yellow; 1/8 in. wide; consisting of 5 incurved petals, 5 protruding stamens and a protruding divided style.
FRUITS: Fruit a joined pair of ridged, oval seeds.
HEIGHT: 1-2.5 ft.
BLOOM TIME: April-July
BLOOM COLOR: Yellow
FRUITING PERIOD: Jun-Jul.
HABITAT TYPE: Moist forests
NATIVE RANGE: eastern & central N. America
Plant Sale Text: Common golden alexanders produces showy, flat-topped clusters of small, bright yellow flowers in early summer. This plant provides butterflies with both a nectar source and larval food (host plant for Black Swallowtails). It is also attractive to a variety of pollinators. Long-lived, this species is found in rich moist woods, riverbanks, and open meadows. 2012 NC Wildflower of the Year.
Sun, Part Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 4
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 8
GERMINATION CODE: 2
Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly
USDA PLANTS DATABASE
USDA Symbol: ZIAU
USDA Common Name: Golden Zizia
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV), CAN (MB, NB, NS, ON, QC)
Growth Habit: Forb/herb
NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUSThis information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Zizia aurea
COMMON NAME: Common Golden-Alexanders
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, G, GW, Il, K, MC, Pa, RAB, S, Va, W, WH3, WV, Z]
PHENOLOGY: Apr-May; Jun-Jul.
HABITAT: Moist forests.
COMMENTS: NB west to SK, south to sw. GA, Panhandle FL, and e. TX.
RANGE MAP: Zizia aurea.png
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Apiaceae Lindley 1836 or UMBELLIFERAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Carrot Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 445 genera and about 3540 species of herbs (rarely shrubs or trees), cosmopolitan, but especially north temperate. Hydrocotyle is more closely related to Araliaceae, and has been transferred there (Chandler & Plunkett 2004).
REFERENCE: Mathias & Constance (1945)=MC. [also see ARALIACEAE]
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Zizia W.D.J. Koch 1825 (Golden-Alexanders)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 4 species, herbs, temperate, of North America.
REFERENCE: Mathias & Constance (1945)=MC; Cooperrider (1985)=Z.
SERNEC: Find Zizia aurea in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Zizia aurea in
University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
USDA: Find Zizia aurea in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Zizia aurea in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Zizia aurea in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Zizia aurea
ID IMAGE1: 25806
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 25806
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-09-23
From the Image Gallery
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Image ID: 12239
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