NCBG North Carolina Botanical Garden

One Ring to rule them all, One Ring to find them, One Ring to bring them all and in the darkness bind them. - J.R.R. Tolkien

Scientific Name: or show all plants or perform combination search
Plant Family:

Zizia aurea

Zizia aurea (L.) W.D.J. Koch

common golden alexanders, common golden-alexanders, golden zizia

Zizia aurea (Common golden alexanders)
image by Oglesby, Emily
NCBG PLANT INDEX
ID_PLANT: ZIAU
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Zizia aurea
GENUS: Zizia
FAMILY: APIACE - Apiaceae (Carrot Family)

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES
INTRO: Erect perennial of moist forests.
STEMS: Stems slender, branched above, with longitudinal lines, smooth.
LEAVES: Leaves basal and alternate on the stem, petiolate (petioles shorter upward), pinnately divided into 3 or 5 lance-shaped to oval leaflets to 3 in. long each, the larger leaflets lobed and all margins toothed; shiny and smooth.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers in flat-topped, compound umbels, 2-3 in. wide, terminating stem and branches and consisting of around 12 umbellets each. Flowers stalked, except for the central one in each umbellet; bright yellow; 1/8 in. wide; consisting of 5 incurved petals, 5 protruding stamens and a protruding divided style.
FRUITS: Fruit a joined pair of ridged, oval seeds.
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 1-2.5 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL
SYMMETRY: Radial (Actinomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: April-July
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Yellow
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Jun-Jul.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Moist forests
NATIVE RANGE: eastern & central N. America

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Common golden alexanders produces showy, flat-topped clusters of small, bright yellow flowers in early summer. This plant provides butterflies with both a nectar source and larval food (host plant for Black Swallowtails). It is also attractive to a variety of pollinators. Long-lived, this species is found in rich moist woods, riverbanks, and open meadows. 2012 NC Wildflower of the Year.

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 4
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 8
GERMINATION CODE: 2
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly
USDA PLANTS DATABASE
USDA Symbol: ZIAU
USDA Common Name: Golden Zizia
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV), CAN (MB, NB, NS, ON, QC)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FAC FAC FAC FAC FAC FAC

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast
WEAKLEY FLORA
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Zizia aurea
COMMON NAME: Common Golden-Alexanders
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, G, GW, Il, K, MC, Pa, RAB, S, Va, W, WH3, WV, Z]
PHENOLOGY: Apr-May; Jun-Jul.
HABITAT: Moist forests.
COMMENTS: NB west to SK, south to sw. GA, Panhandle FL, and e. TX.
RANGE MAP: Zizia aurea.png

Key to Map Symbols.

ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Apiaceae Lindley 1836 or UMBELLIFERAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Carrot Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 445 genera and about 3540 species of herbs (rarely shrubs or trees), cosmopolitan, but especially north temperate. Hydrocotyle is more closely related to Araliaceae, and has been transferred there (Chandler & Plunkett 2004).
REFERENCE: Mathias & Constance (1945)=MC. [also see ARALIACEAE]
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Zizia W.D.J. Koch 1825 (Golden-Alexanders)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 4 species, herbs, temperate, of North America.
REFERENCE: Mathias & Constance (1945)=MC; Cooperrider (1985)=Z.
HERBARIUM RESOURCES
SERNEC: Find Zizia aurea in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Zizia aurea in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES
USDA: Find Zizia aurea in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Zizia aurea in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Zizia aurea in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Zizia aurea

NCBG RECORD
ID IMAGE1: 25806
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 25806
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-09-23

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18 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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