NCBG North Carolina Botanical Garden

One Ring to rule them all, One Ring to find them, One Ring to bring them all and in the darkness bind them. - J.R.R. Tolkien

Scientific Name: or show all plants or perform combination search
Plant Family:

Zizania aquatica var. aquatica

Zizania aquatica L. var. aquatica

southern wild-rice

Zizania aquatica var. aquatica (Southern Wild-rice)
image by Sorrie, Bruce A.
NCBG PLANT INDEX
ID_PLANT: ZIAQA2
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Zizania aquatica var. aquatica
GENUS: Zizania
FAMILY: POACEA - Poaceae (Grass Family)

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES
INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT:

DURATION: Annual
HABIT: Grass/Grasslike

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: May-Oct
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE:

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE:
LIGHT EXPOSURE:
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
USDA PLANTS DATABASE
USDA Symbol: ZIAQA2
USDA Common Name: Annual Wildrice
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, VA, VT, WI), CAN (AB, BC, MB, NB, NF, ON, QC)
Duration: Annual
Growth Habit: Graminoid

WEAKLEY FLORA
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Zizania aquatica var. aquatica
COMMON NAME: Southern Wild-rice
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, FNA, G, HC, K, Va, X, Y, Z; < Z. aquatica - GW, Pa, RAB, S, WH3]
PHENOLOGY: May-Oct.
HABITAT: Freshwater marshes, usually tidal.
COMMENTS: Var. aquatica ranges from ME west to WI, south to FL and LA; var. brevis Fassett is restricted to the St. Lawrence River in QC. Zizania was formerly an important food for Amerindians; it is now gathered as a specialty grain, commanding high prices.
RANGE MAP: Zizania aquatica var. aquatica.png

Key to Map Symbols.

ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Poaceae (R. Brown) Barnhart 1895 or GRAMINEAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Grass Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 771 genera and 12,074 species, herbs (and some shrubs and trees), cosmopolitan. Tribal classification largely follows FNA (2003a, 2007a), with some changes based on subsequent research, as for instance in the Chloridoideae (Peterson, Romaschenko, & Johnson 2010a).
REFERENCE: Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003a, 2007a)=FNA; Hitchcock and Chase (1950)=HC; Blomquist (1948); Peterson, Romaschenko, & Johnson (2010a, 2010b). Key to genera adapted in large part from FNA.
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Zizania Linnaeus 1753 (Wild-rice)
SUMMARY: A genus of 4 species (and 6 taxa) of northern and eastern North America.
REFERENCE: Terrell in FNA (2007a); Terrell et al. (1997)=Y; Tucker (1988)=Z; Judziewicz et al. (2000)=X. Key based on Terrell in FNA (2007a).
HERBARIUM RESOURCES
SERNEC: Find Zizania aquatica var. aquatica in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Zizania aquatica var. aquatica in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES
USDA: Find Zizania aquatica var. aquatica in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Zizania aquatica var. aquatica in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Zizania aquatica var. aquatica in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Zizania aquatica var. aquatica

NCBG RECORD
ID IMAGE1: 10492
ID IMAGE2: 10492
ID IMAGE3: 0
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 0000-00-00

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 10493

Image ID: 10494
3 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Go back