NCBG North Carolina Botanical Garden

One Ring to rule them all, One Ring to find them, One Ring to bring them all and in the darkness bind them. - J.R.R. Tolkien

Scientific Name: or show all plants or perform combination search
Plant Family:

Zizia aptera

Zizia aptera (A. Gray) Fernald

heartleaf golden-alexanders, meadow zizia

Zizia aptera (Heartleaf Golden-Alexanders)
image by Ware, Richard & Teresa
NCBG PLANT INDEX
ID_PLANT: ZIAP
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Zizia aptera
GENUS: Zizia
FAMILY: APIACE - Apiaceae (Carrot Family)

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES
INTRO: Erect perennial of moist forests, openings and woodland edges.
STEMS: Stems slender, branched above, with longitudinal lines, smooth.
LEAVES: Basal leaves petiolate, heart-shaped, 2-3 in. long, toothed, leathery and smooth; stem leaves alternate, reduced and gradually sessile upward, divided into 3 lobes or oval leaflets that are toothed.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers in compound umbels, 2-3 in. wide, terminating the stem and branches, the 7-15 umbellets each having 10-20 flowers; yellow; less than 1/4 in. wide; consisting of 5 incurved petals.
FRUITS: Fruit a joined pair of ridged, oval seeds.
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 1-2.5 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL
SYMMETRY: Radial (Actinomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: Apr-May
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Yellow
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Jul-Aug.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Moist forests, Woods margins
NATIVE RANGE:

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE:
LIGHT EXPOSURE:
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
USDA PLANTS DATABASE
USDA Symbol: ZIAP
USDA Common Name: Meadow Zizia
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CO, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, ID, IL, IN, KY, MD, MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NJ, NV, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, UT, VA, WA, WI, WV, WY), CAN (AB, BC, MB, ON, QC, SK)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FAC FAC FAC FAC FACU FACU FAC

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast
WEAKLEY FLORA
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Zizia aptera
COMMON NAME: Heartleaf Golden-Alexanders
SYNONYMY: [= F, G, GW, Il, K, MC, Pa, RAB, Va, W, WH3, WV, Z; > Z. aptera var. aptera - C; = Z. cordata W.D.J. Koch ex A.P. de Candolle - S]
PHENOLOGY: Apr-May; Jul-Aug.
HABITAT: Moist forests, openings, and woodland edges.
COMMENTS: NY west to BC, south to GA, Panhandle FL, MO, and CO.
RANGE MAP: Zizia aptera.png

Key to Map Symbols.

ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Apiaceae Lindley 1836 or UMBELLIFERAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Carrot Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 445 genera and about 3540 species of herbs (rarely shrubs or trees), cosmopolitan, but especially north temperate. Hydrocotyle is more closely related to Araliaceae, and has been transferred there (Chandler & Plunkett 2004).
REFERENCE: Mathias & Constance (1945)=MC. [also see ARALIACEAE]
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Zizia W.D.J. Koch 1825 (Golden-Alexanders)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 4 species, herbs, temperate, of North America.
REFERENCE: Mathias & Constance (1945)=MC; Cooperrider (1985)=Z.
HERBARIUM RESOURCES
SERNEC: Find Zizia aptera in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Zizia aptera in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES
USDA: Find Zizia aptera in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Zizia aptera in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Zizia aptera in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Zizia aptera

NCBG RECORD
ID IMAGE1: 19259
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 19259
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-01-11

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 19260
2 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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