NCBG North Carolina Botanical Garden

One Ring to rule them all, One Ring to find them, One Ring to bring them all and in the darkness bind them. - J.R.R. Tolkien

Scientific Name: or show all plants or perform combination search
Plant Family:

Typha angustifolia

Typha angustifolia L.

narrowleaf cattail

Typha angustifolia (Narrowleaf Cattail)
image by Dakar, Jacob
NCBG PLANT INDEX
ID_PLANT: TYAN
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Typha angustifolia
GENUS: Typha
FAMILY: TYPHAC - Typhaceae (Cattail Family)

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES
INTRO: Emergent aquatic perennial of brackish to fresh waters of marshes and swamps, usually tidal, and also inland in non-tidal wetlands (where it is probably introduced); often forming colonies.
STEMS: Stems stout, stiff, unbranched.
LEAVES: Leaves mostly basal, alternate and overlapping, with sheathing base and small lobes where sheath meets blade, linear, 1 1/2-5 ft. long and no more than 1/2 in. wide, with the inner surface flat to slightly concave.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers in a cylindridal terminal spike broken into 2 sections, the lower part all female (pistillate) flowers and the upper (separated by a gap) all male (staminate) flowers. The tiny flowers are densely packed, the female ones starting out pale green and becoming dark brown, the male ones yellowish-brown.
FRUITS: Fruit numerous minute nutlets with fluffy white tufts.
COMMENTS: The similar T. domingensis is infrequently found in similar habitats. Its leaves mostly lack the lobes at the junction of blade and sheath; the pistillate portion of the spike is light cinnamon-brown at maturity rather than dark brown.
HEIGHT: 3-5 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Basal
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: May-Jul
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Green and brown
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD: Jun-Nov.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Aquatic
NATIVE RANGE: eastern & central North America

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE:
LIGHT EXPOSURE:
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
USDA PLANTS DATABASE
USDA Symbol: TYAN
USDA Common Name: Narrowleaf Cattail
Native Status: L48 (NI), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AR, CA, CO, CT, DC, DE, IA, ID, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, VA, VT, WA, WI, WV, WY), CAN (BC, MB, NB, NS, ON, PE, QC, SK)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: OBL OBL OBL OBL OBL OBL OBL

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast
WEAKLEY FLORA
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Typha angustifolia
COMMON NAME: Narrowleaf Cattail
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, FNA, G, GW, K, Pa, RAB, Va, W, WH3, WV, Z; < T. angustifolia - S (also see T. domingensis)]
PHENOLOGY: May-Jul; Jun-Nov.
HABITAT: Brackish to fresh waters of marshes and swamps, usually tidal, and also inland in non-tidal wetlands (where probably only introduced).
COMMENTS: NS west to ND, south to SC, FL (?), LA, and TX (?); Eurasia. Stuckey & Salamon (1987) consider T. angustifolia an invasive alien in North America, but later studies suggest that it was native at least in coastal areas of ne. and Mid-Atlantic North America, and has expanded its range westward in recent decades (Shih & Finkelstein 2008).
RANGE MAP: Typha angustifolia.png

Key to Map Symbols.

ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Typhaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Cattail Family)
SUMMARY: A family of 2 genera with 16-30 species, wetland herbs, cosmopolitan. The combination of the traditional families Typhaceae and Sparaganiaceae is controversial; while there is no doubt of their sister relationship, they are amply distinct and arguably best and conservatively retained as separate families.
REFERENCE: Kaul in FNA (2000); Smith in FNA (2000); Thieret & Luken (1996); Kubitzki in Kubitzki (1998b). [including SPARGANIACEAE]
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Typha Linnaeus 1753 (Cattail)
SUMMARY: A genus of 8-13 species, wetland herbs, cosmopolitan.
REFERENCE: Ward (2007a)=Z; Smith in FNA (2000); Kubitzki in Kubitzki (1998b). Key adapted from FNA.

Seeds of Success (SOS)

SOS_NUM COL_DATE PERS_NUM STATE ECOREGION_III DETAIL
225 2015-08-06 66 North Carolina 63 Show
236 2015-08-17 65 North Carolina 63 Show
241 2015-08-18 59 North Carolina 63 Show
248 2015-08-18 64 North Carolina 63 Show
288 2015-09-10 64 Virginia 63 Show
505 2016-09-29 3 North Carolina 63 Show
509 2016-09-08 59 North Carolina 63 Show
513 2016-09-19 62 Maryland 63 Show
518 2016-09-20 60 Maryland 63 Show
521 2016-09-21 60 Virginia 63 Show
534 2016-09-21 59 Virginia 65 Show
536 2016-09-21 59 Virginia 65 Show
543 2016-09-22 3 Virginia 63 Show
547 2016-09-22 59 Virginia 63 Show
549 2016-09-28 59 North Carolina 63 Show
575 2016-10-04 59 Maryland 63 Show

HERBARIUM RESOURCES
SERNEC: Find Typha angustifolia in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Typha angustifolia in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES
USDA: Find Typha angustifolia in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Typha angustifolia in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Typha angustifolia in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Typha angustifolia

NCBG RECORD
ID IMAGE1: 25889
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 0
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-01-10

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