NCBG North Carolina Botanical Garden

One Ring to rule them all, One Ring to find them, One Ring to bring them all and in the darkness bind them

Scientific Name: or show all plants or perform combination search
Plant Family:

Typha angustifolia

Typha angustifolia L.

narrowleaf cattail

Typha angustifolia (Narrowleaf Cattail)
image by Dakar, Jacob

Key to Map Symbols.
NCBG PLANT INDEX
ID_PLANT: TYAN
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Typha angustifolia
SELECTED SYNONYM:
GENUS: Typha
FAMILY CODE: TYPHAC

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES
INTRO: Emergent aquatic perennial of brackish to fresh waters of marshes and swamps, usually tidal, and also inland in non-tidal wetlands (where it is probably introduced); often forming colonies.
STEMS: Stems stout, stiff, unbranched.
LEAVES: Leaves mostly basal, alternate and overlapping, with sheathing base and small lobes where sheath meets blade, linear, 1 1/2-5 ft. long and no more than 1/2 in. wide, with the inner surface flat to slightly concave.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers in a cylindridal terminal spike broken into 2 sections, the lower part all female (pistillate) flowers and the upper (separated by a gap) all male (staminate) flowers. The tiny flowers are densely packed, the female ones starting out pale green and becoming dark brown, the male ones yellowish-brown.
FRUITS: Fruit numerous minute nutlets with fluffy white tufts.
COMMENTS: The similar T. domingensis is infrequently found in similar habitats. Its leaves mostly lack the lobes at the junction of blade and sheath; the pistillate portion of the spike is light cinnamon-brown at maturity rather than dark brown.
HEIGHT: 3-5 ft.

NCBG DURATION
ANNUAL: 0
BIENNIAL: 0
PERENNIAL: 1

NCBG HABIT
HERB: 1
SUBSHRUB: 0
SHRUB: 0
TREE: 0
CACTUS/SUCCULENT: 0
GRASS/GRASSLIKE: 0
FERN: 0
VINE: 0

NCBG LEAF ARRANGEMENT
ALTERNATE: 0
OPPOSITE: 0
WHORLED: 0
BASAL: 1
FASCICLED: 0

NCBG LEAF COMPLEXITY
SIMPLE: 1
PINNATE: 0
BI-PINNATE: 0
TRI-PINNATE: 0
PALMATE: 0
TRIFOLIOLATE: 0

NCBG LEAF RETENTION
DECIDUOUS: 0
EVERGREEN: 0
SEMI-EVERGREEN: 0

NCBG DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Aquatic
NATIVE RANGE: eastern & central North America

NCBG FLORAL SYMMETRY
RADIAL (ACTINOMORPHIC): 0
BILATERAL (ZYGOMORPHIC): 0
MIXED (BOTH ACTINOMORPHIC and ZYGOMORPHIC): 0

NCBG PHENOLOGY
bloom_time: May-Jul
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x
bloom_color: Green and brown
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

fruit_time: Jun-Nov.

NCBG PLANT SALE
PLANT SALE TEXT:

Cultural Notes:

Bee Friendly: 0
Butterfly Friendly: 0
Bird Friendly: 0
Hummingbird Friendly: 0

SOIL MOISTURE:
Soil Dry: 0
Soil Average: 0
Soil Moist/Wet: 0
Soil Well-drained: 0

LIGHT EXPOSURE
Sun: 0
Part Shade: 0
Shade: 0

MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:

GERMINATION CODE:

NCBG RECORD
ID IMAGE: 25889
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-01-10

USDA PLANTS DATABASE
USDA Symbol: TYAN
USDA Common Name: Narrowleaf Cattail
Native Status: L48 (NI), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AR, CA, CO, CT, DC, DE, IA, ID, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, VA, VT, WA, WI, WV, WY), CAN (BC, MB, NB, NS, ON, PE, QC, SK)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: OBL OBL OBL OBL OBL OBL OBL

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast
STATE RANKS
STATE RANK:
GLOBAL RANK:
STATE STATUS:
US STATUS:
TRACKED STATUS:

WEAKLEY FLORA
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Typha angustifolia
COMMON NAME: Narrowleaf Cattail
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, FNA, G, GW, K, Pa, RAB, Va, W, WH3, WV, Z; < T. angustifolia - S (also see T. domingensis)]
PHENOLOGY: May-Jul; Jun-Nov.
HABITAT: Brackish to fresh waters of marshes and swamps, usually tidal, and also inland in non-tidal wetlands (where probably only introduced).
COMMENTS: NS west to ND, south to SC, FL (?), LA, and TX (?); Eurasia. Stuckey & Salamon (1987) consider T. angustifolia an invasive alien in North America, but later studies suggest that it was native at least in coastal areas of ne. and Mid-Atlantic North America, and has expanded its range westward in recent decades (Shih & Finkelstein 2008).
RANGE MAP: Typha angustifolia.png

ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Typhaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Cattail Family)
SUMMARY: A family of 2 genera with 16-30 species, wetland herbs, cosmopolitan. The combination of the traditional families Typhaceae and Sparaganiaceae is controversial; while there is no doubt of their sister relationship, they are amply distinct and arguably best and conservatively retained as separate families.
REFERENCE: Kaul in FNA (2000); Smith in FNA (2000); Thieret & Luken (1996); Kubitzki in Kubitzki (1998b). [including SPARGANIACEAE]
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Typha Linnaeus 1753 (Cattail)
SUMMARY: A genus of 8-13 species, wetland herbs, cosmopolitan.
REFERENCE: Ward (2007a)=Z; Smith in FNA (2000); Kubitzki in Kubitzki (1998b). Key adapted from FNA.

Seeds of Success (SOS)

SOS_NUM COL_DATE PERS_NUM STATE ECOREGION_III DETAIL
225 2015-08-06 66 North Carolina 63 Show
236 2015-08-17 65 North Carolina 63 Show
241 2015-08-18 59 North Carolina 63 Show
248 2015-08-18 64 North Carolina 63 Show
288 2015-09-10 64 Virginia 63 Show
505 2016-09-29 3 North Carolina 63 Show
509 2016-09-08 59 North Carolina 63 Show
513 2016-09-19 62 Maryland 63 Show
518 2016-09-20 60 Maryland 63 Show
521 2016-09-21 60 Virginia 63 Show
534 2016-09-21 59 Virginia 65 Show
536 2016-09-21 59 Virginia 65 Show
543 2016-09-22 3 Virginia 63 Show
547 2016-09-22 59 Virginia 63 Show
549 2016-09-28 59 North Carolina 63 Show
575 2016-10-04 59 Maryland 63 Show

HERBARIUM RESOURCES
SERNEC: Find Typha angustifolia in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Typha angustifolia in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES
USDA: Find Typha angustifolia in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Typha angustifolia in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Typha angustifolia in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Typha angustifolia

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 25890
2 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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