NCBG North Carolina Botanical Garden

One Ring to rule them all, One Ring to find them, One Ring to bring them all and in the darkness bind them

Scientific Name: or show all plants or perform combination search
Plant Family:

Panicum virgatum

Panicum virgatum L.

switchgrass

Cultivar(s): Dallas Blues, Northwind, Rotstrahlbusch, Shenandoah, Thundercloud
Panicum virgatum (Switchgrass)
image by Peterson, Jennifer

Key to Map Symbols.
NCBG PLANT INDEX
ID_PLANT: PAVI2
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Panicum virgatum
SELECTED SYNONYM:
GENUS: Panicum
FAMILY CODE: POACEA

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES
INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 4-5 ft.

NCBG DURATION
ANNUAL: 0
BIENNIAL: 0
PERENNIAL: 1

NCBG HABIT
HERB: 0
SUBSHRUB: 0
SHRUB: 0
TREE: 0
CACTUS/SUCCULENT: 0
GRASS/GRASSLIKE: 1
FERN: 0
VINE: 0

NCBG LEAF ARRANGEMENT
ALTERNATE: 1
OPPOSITE: 0
WHORLED: 0
BASAL: 0
FASCICLED: 0

NCBG LEAF COMPLEXITY
SIMPLE: 1
PINNATE: 0
BI-PINNATE: 0
TRI-PINNATE: 0
PALMATE: 0
TRIFOLIOLATE: 0

NCBG LEAF RETENTION
DECIDUOUS: 0
EVERGREEN: 0
SEMI-EVERGREEN: 0

NCBG DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE:

NCBG FLORAL SYMMETRY
RADIAL (ACTINOMORPHIC): 0
BILATERAL (ZYGOMORPHIC): 0
MIXED (BOTH ACTINOMORPHIC and ZYGOMORPHIC): 0

NCBG PHENOLOGY
bloom_time:
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x
bloom_color:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x x

fruit_time:

NCBG PLANT SALE
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Cultural Notes:

Bee Friendly: 0
Butterfly Friendly: 0
Bird Friendly: 1
Hummingbird Friendly: 0

SOIL MOISTURE:
Soil Dry: 1
Soil Average: 1
Soil Moist/Wet: 0
Soil Well-drained: 0

LIGHT EXPOSURE
Sun: 1
Part Shade: 0
Shade: 0

MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 4
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9

GERMINATION CODE:

NCBG RECORD
ID IMAGE: 20343
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2016-10-21

USDA PLANTS DATABASE
USDA Symbol: PAVI2
USDA Common Name: Switchgrass
Native Status: L48 (N), HI (I), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, AZ, CO, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, HI, IA, ID, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VA, VT, WI, WV, WY), CAN (MB, NS, ON, QC, SK)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Graminoid

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FAC FACW FAC FAC FAC FAC FACW

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast
STATE RANKS
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GLOBAL RANK:
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US STATUS:
TRACKED STATUS:

WEAKLEY FLORA
SCIENTIFIC NAME:
COMMON NAME:
SYNONYMY:
PHENOLOGY:
HABITAT:
COMMENTS:
RANGE MAP:

ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Poaceae (R. Brown) Barnhart 1895 or GRAMINEAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Grass Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 771 genera and 12,074 species, herbs (and some shrubs and trees), cosmopolitan. Tribal classification largely follows FNA (2003a, 2007a), with some changes based on subsequent research, as for instance in the Chloridoideae (Peterson, Romaschenko, & Johnson 2010a).
REFERENCE: Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003a, 2007a)=FNA; Hitchcock and Chase (1950)=HC; Blomquist (1948); Peterson, Romaschenko, & Johnson (2010a, 2010b). Key to genera adapted in large part from FNA.
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Panicum Linnaeus 1753 (Panic Grass)
SUMMARY: (contributed by Richard J. LeBlond)
REFERENCE: Lelong (1986)=Z; Zuloaga & Morrone (1996)=Y; Freckmann & Lelong in FNA (2003a); Haines (2010)=X.

Seeds of Success (SOS)

SOS_NUM COL_DATE PERS_NUM STATE ECOREGION_III DETAIL
220 2015-08-04 65 North Carolina 63 Show
268 2015-08-27 66 Virginia 63 Show
276 2015-09-08 64 North Carolina 63 Show
287 2015-09-09 64 Virginia 63 Show
295 2015-09-10 64 Maryland 63 Show
297 2015-09-12 64 Virginia 65 Show
307 2015-09-21 66 Virginia 65 Show
490 2016-08-24 61 Maryland 63 Show
515 2016-09-20 62 Maryland 63 Show
529 2016-09-16 3 Maryland 63 Show
530 2016-09-19 3 Maryland 63 Show
540 2016-09-21 3 Maryland 63 Show
541 2016-09-21 3 Virginia 63 Show
542 2016-09-22 3 Virginia 63 Show
550 2016-09-28 59 North Carolina 63 Show
594 2016-10-05 3 Maryland 63 Show
596 2016-10-06 3 Virginia 65 Show

HERBARIUM RESOURCES
SERNEC: Find Panicum virgatum in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Panicum virgatum in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES
USDA: Find Panicum virgatum in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Panicum virgatum in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Panicum virgatum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Panicum virgatum

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 20344

Image ID: 20345
3 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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