NCBG North Carolina Botanical Garden

One Ring to rule them all, One Ring to find them, One Ring to bring them all and in the darkness bind them

Scientific Name: or show all plants or perform combination search
Plant Family:

Morella caroliniensis

Morella caroliniensis (Mill.) Small

evergreen bayberry, pocosin bayberry

Synonym(s): Cerothamnus caroliniensis, Myrica caroliniensis, Myrica heterophylla, Myrica heterophylla var. curtissii
Morella caroliniensis (Evergreen Bayberry)
image by Sorrie, Bruce A.

Key to Map Symbols.
NCBG PLANT INDEX
ID_PLANT: MOCA7
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Morella caroliniensis
SELECTED SYNONYM:
GENUS: Morella
FAMILY CODE: MYRICA

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES
INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT:

NCBG DURATION
ANNUAL: 0
BIENNIAL: 0
PERENNIAL: 1

NCBG HABIT
HERB: 0
SUBSHRUB: 0
SHRUB: 1
TREE: 1
CACTUS/SUCCULENT: 0
GRASS/GRASSLIKE: 0
FERN: 0
VINE: 0

NCBG LEAF ARRANGEMENT
ALTERNATE: 1
OPPOSITE: 0
WHORLED: 0
BASAL: 0
FASCICLED: 0

NCBG LEAF COMPLEXITY
SIMPLE: 1
PINNATE: 0
BI-PINNATE: 0
TRI-PINNATE: 0
PALMATE: 0
TRIFOLIOLATE: 0

NCBG LEAF RETENTION
DECIDUOUS: 0
EVERGREEN: 1
SEMI-EVERGREEN: 0

NCBG DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE:

NCBG FLORAL SYMMETRY
RADIAL (ACTINOMORPHIC): 0
BILATERAL (ZYGOMORPHIC): 0
MIXED (BOTH ACTINOMORPHIC and ZYGOMORPHIC): 0

NCBG PHENOLOGY
bloom_time: Apr
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x
bloom_color:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

fruit_time: Aug-Oct.

NCBG PLANT SALE
PLANT SALE TEXT:

Cultural Notes:

Bee Friendly: 0
Butterfly Friendly: 0
Bird Friendly: 0
Hummingbird Friendly: 0

SOIL MOISTURE:
Soil Dry: 0
Soil Average: 0
Soil Moist/Wet: 0
Soil Well-drained: 0

LIGHT EXPOSURE
Sun: 0
Part Shade: 0
Shade: 0

MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:

GERMINATION CODE:

NCBG RECORD
ID IMAGE: 17715
ID IMAGE2: 17715
ID IMAGE3: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 0000-00-00

USDA PLANTS DATABASE
USDA Symbol: MOCA7
USDA Common Name: Southern Bayberry
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, DE, FL, GA, LA, MA, MD, MS, NC, NJ, NY, PA, SC, TX, VA)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree, Shrub

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACW FAC FAC

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast
STATE RANKS
STATE RANK: S5 (S5)
GLOBAL RANK: G5
STATE STATUS: W6
US STATUS:
TRACKED STATUS: W: Track on a watch list only

WEAKLEY FLORA
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Morella caroliniensis
COMMON NAME: Pocosin Bayberry, Evergreen Bayberry
SYNONYMY: [= K1, K2, Va; = Myrica heterophylla Rafinesque - C, FNA, RAB, W, Y; > Myrica heterophylla var. heterophylla - F; > Myrica heterophylla var. curtissii (Chevallier) Fernald - F; < Myrica pensylvanica - G; < Cerothamnus carolinensis - S (also see Morella pensylvanica); = Myrica caroliniensis P. Miller - WH3; < Morella caroliniensis (P. Miller) Small - Z (also see Morella pensylvanica)]
PHENOLOGY: Apr; Aug-Oct.
HABITAT: Pocosins, wet savannas and pine flatwoods, sandhill seepage bogs, and other peaty or sandy-peaty wetlands.
COMMENTS: Primarily limited to the Southeastern Coastal Plain, from NJ south to FL and west to TX and AR.
RANGE MAP: Morella caroliniensis.png

ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Myricaceae Blume 1829 (Bayberry Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 3-5 genera and 55 species, trees and shrubs, nearly cosmopolitan. See Morella for discussion of our 3 genera.
REFERENCE: Bornstein in FNA (1997); Wilbur (1994)=Z; Elias (1971b)=Y; Kubitzki in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Morella Loureiro 1790 (Bayberry, Wax-myrtle, Candleberry)
SUMMARY: Wilbur (1994) makes a compelling case for the recognition of three genera among eastern North American Myricaceae, and for application of the name Myrica to Myrica gale. The typification of the genus Myrica with Myrica gale Linnaeus has been confirmed (Brummitt 1999); thus, the familiar southeastern species placed by many authors in Myrica must take another name. Wilbur (1994) prefers to treat our species as subgenus Cerothamnus (Tidestrom) Wilbur of genus Morella Loureiro; subgenus Morella is restricted to e. Asia, the Philippines, and Malaysia, and differs in a number of ways from subgenus Cerothamnus, including its fleshy and succulent, rather than waxy and hard, berries. Small maintained Cerothamnus at the generic level. Wilburs inclusion of Cerothamnus in Morella may well be warranted (and is followed here), but I disagree with his provisional decision to include the taxon treated below as Morella pumila in Morella cerifera, and the taxon treated below as Morella pensylvanica in Morella caroliniensis, though their appropriate rank may be questioned.
REFERENCE: Bornstein in FNA (1997); Wilbur (1994)=Z; Wilbur (2002a); Kubitzki in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).
HERBARIUM RESOURCES
SERNEC: Find Morella caroliniensis in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Morella caroliniensis in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES
USDA: Find Morella caroliniensis in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Morella caroliniensis in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Morella caroliniensis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Morella caroliniensis

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 17749

Image ID: 17791

Image ID: 17792

Image ID: 17793
5 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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