NCBG North Carolina Botanical Garden

One Ring to rule them all, One Ring to find them, One Ring to bring them all and in the darkness bind them. - J.R.R. Tolkien

Scientific Name: or show all plants or perform combination search
Plant Family:

Juncus effusus

Juncus effusus L.

common rush

Juncus effusus (Common rush)
image by Sorrie, Bruce A.
NCBG PLANT INDEX
ID_PLANT: JUEF
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Juncus effusus
GENUS: Juncus
FAMILY: JUNCAC - Juncaceae (Rush Family)

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES
INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 2-4 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Grass/Grasslike

LEAF ARRANGEMENT:
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME:
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE:

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Common rush, also called soft rush, has upright needle-like stems and will provide interesting texture and structure in boggy areas or at the edge of a pond or water garden. It is rhizomatous and will form clumps up to 3 ft. wide.

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE: 2, 4
WILDLIFE VALUE:
USDA PLANTS DATABASE
USDA Symbol: JUEF
USDA Common Name: Common Rush
Native Status: L48 (N), AK (N), HI (I), PR (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)
Distribution: USA (AK, AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, HI, IA, ID, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, WA, WI, WV), USA+ (PR), CAN (BC, MB, NB, NF, NS, ON, PE, QC), FRA (SPM
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Graminoid

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: OBL OBL FACW FACW OBL OBL OBL OBL FACW

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast
WEAKLEY FLORA
SCIENTIFIC NAME:
COMMON NAME:
SYNONYMY:
PHENOLOGY:
HABITAT:
COMMENTS:
RANGE MAP:

Key to Map Symbols.

ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Juncaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Rush Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 8 genera and 350-440 species, herbs (and a few shrubs), largely of temperate regions of the Old and New World.
REFERENCE: Brooks & Clemants in FNA (2000); Balslev in Kubitzki (1998b); Drábková et al. (2003).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Juncus Linnaeus 1753 (Rush)
SUMMARY: (by B.A. Sorrie and W.M. Knapp)
REFERENCE: Brooks & Clemants in FNA (2000); Kirschner et al. (2002b, 2002c)= Y; Knapp (2014)=X; Bridges & Orzell (2008); Clemants (1990); Balslev in Kubitzki (1998b); Zika (2003)=Z; Drábková et al. (2003). The key based, in part, on those references.

Seeds of Success (SOS)

SOS_NUM COL_DATE PERS_NUM STATE ECOREGION_III DETAIL
202 2015-06-22 64 North Carolina 45 Show
204 2015-06-18 66 Virginia 63 Show
211 2015-07-08 64 North Carolina 63 Show
213 2015-07-13 59 North Carolina 63 Show
215 2015-07-13 59 North Carolina 63 Show
217 2015-07-14 64 North Carolina 63 Show
458 2016-07-14 61 Virginia 65 Show

HERBARIUM RESOURCES
SERNEC: Find Juncus effusus in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Juncus effusus in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES
USDA: Find Juncus effusus in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Juncus effusus in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Juncus effusus in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Juncus effusus

NCBG RECORD
ID IMAGE1: 15090
ID IMAGE2: 15089
ID IMAGE3: 0
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2017-01-26

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