NCBG North Carolina Botanical Garden

One Ring to rule them all, One Ring to find them, One Ring to bring them all and in the darkness bind them

Scientific Name: or show all plants or perform combination search
Plant Family:

Juncus effusus

Juncus effusus L.

common rush

Juncus effusus (Common rush)
image by Sorrie, Bruce A.

Key to Map Symbols.
NCBG PLANT INDEX
ID_PLANT: JUEF
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Juncus effusus
SELECTED SYNONYM:
GENUS: Juncus
FAMILY CODE: JUNCAC

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES
INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 2-4 ft.

NCBG DURATION
ANNUAL: 0
BIENNIAL: 0
PERENNIAL: 1

NCBG HABIT
HERB: 0
SUBSHRUB: 0
SHRUB: 0
TREE: 0
CACTUS/SUCCULENT: 0
GRASS/GRASSLIKE: 1
FERN: 0
VINE: 0

NCBG LEAF ARRANGEMENT
ALTERNATE: 0
OPPOSITE: 0
WHORLED: 0
BASAL: 0
FASCICLED: 0

NCBG LEAF COMPLEXITY
SIMPLE: 0
PINNATE: 0
BI-PINNATE: 0
TRI-PINNATE: 0
PALMATE: 0
TRIFOLIOLATE: 0

NCBG LEAF RETENTION
DECIDUOUS: 0
EVERGREEN: 0
SEMI-EVERGREEN: 0

NCBG DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE:

NCBG FLORAL SYMMETRY
RADIAL (ACTINOMORPHIC): 0
BILATERAL (ZYGOMORPHIC): 0
MIXED (BOTH ACTINOMORPHIC and ZYGOMORPHIC): 0

NCBG PHENOLOGY
bloom_time:
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x
bloom_color:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

fruit_time:

NCBG PLANT SALE
PLANT SALE TEXT: Common rush, also called soft rush, has upright needle-like stems and will provide interesting texture and structure in boggy areas or at the edge of a pond or water garden. It is rhizomatous and will form clumps up to 3 ft. wide.

Cultural Notes:

Bee Friendly: 0
Butterfly Friendly: 0
Bird Friendly: 0
Hummingbird Friendly: 0

SOIL MOISTURE:
Soil Dry: 0
Soil Average: 0
Soil Moist/Wet: 1
Soil Well-drained: 0

LIGHT EXPOSURE
Sun: 1
Part Shade: 0
Shade: 0

MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:

GERMINATION CODE: 2, 4

NCBG RECORD
ID IMAGE: 15090
ID IMAGE2: 15089
ID IMAGE3: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2017-01-26

USDA PLANTS DATABASE
USDA Symbol: JUEF
USDA Common Name: Common Rush
Native Status: L48 (N), AK (N), HI (I), PR (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)
Distribution: USA (AK, AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, HI, IA, ID, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, WA, WI, WV), USA+ (PR), CAN (BC, MB, NB, NF, NS, ON, PE, QC), FRA (SPM
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Graminoid

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: OBL OBL FACW FACW OBL OBL OBL OBL FACW

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast
STATE RANKS
STATE RANK:
GLOBAL RANK:
STATE STATUS:
US STATUS:
TRACKED STATUS:

WEAKLEY FLORA
SCIENTIFIC NAME:
COMMON NAME:
SYNONYMY:
PHENOLOGY:
HABITAT:
COMMENTS:
RANGE MAP:

ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Juncaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Rush Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 8 genera and 350-440 species, herbs (and a few shrubs), largely of temperate regions of the Old and New World.
REFERENCE: Brooks & Clemants in FNA (2000); Balslev in Kubitzki (1998b); Drábková et al. (2003).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Juncus Linnaeus 1753 (Rush)
SUMMARY: (by B.A. Sorrie and W.M. Knapp)
REFERENCE: Brooks & Clemants in FNA (2000); Kirschner et al. (2002b, 2002c)= Y; Knapp (2014)=X; Bridges & Orzell (2008); Clemants (1990); Balslev in Kubitzki (1998b); Zika (2003)=Z; Drábková et al. (2003). The key based, in part, on those references.

Seeds of Success (SOS)

SOS_NUM COL_DATE PERS_NUM STATE ECOREGION_III DETAIL
202 2015-06-22 64 North Carolina 45 Show
204 2015-06-18 66 Virginia 63 Show
211 2015-07-08 64 North Carolina 63 Show
213 2015-07-13 59 North Carolina 63 Show
215 2015-07-13 59 North Carolina 63 Show
217 2015-07-14 64 North Carolina 63 Show
458 2016-07-14 61 Virginia 65 Show

HERBARIUM RESOURCES
SERNEC: Find Juncus effusus in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Juncus effusus in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES
USDA: Find Juncus effusus in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Juncus effusus in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Juncus effusus in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Juncus effusus

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 15089

Image ID: 11356
3 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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