NCBG North Carolina Botanical Garden

One Ring to rule them all, One Ring to find them, One Ring to bring them all and in the darkness bind them

Scientific Name: or show all plants or perform combination search
Plant Family:

Blephilia ciliata

Blephilia ciliata (L.) Benth.

downy pagoda-plant, downy woodmint

Blephilia ciliata (Downy Pagoda-plant)
image by Cressler, Alan M.

Key to Map Symbols.
NCBG PLANT INDEX
ID_PLANT: BLCI
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Blephilia ciliata
SELECTED SYNONYM:
GENUS: Blephilia
FAMILY CODE: LAMIAC

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES
INTRO: Erect, rhizomatous, clump-forming perennial of woodlands, meadows and forests, usually in circumneutral soils (over diabase, limestone, shell, etc.).
STEMS: Stems 4-angled, mostly unbranched, covered in white hairs pressed against the stem.
LEAVES: Leaves opposite, petiolate (sessile above), oval to lance-shaped, to 3 1/2 in. long, shallowly toothed or entire, sparsely hairy above and whitish-downy beneath, fragrant when crushed.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers in several dense, head-like clusters that are tiered along a terminal spike, each cluster resting on a whorl of green, fringed bracts; flowers pale pink to lavender, about 1/3 in. long, bilaterally symmetric and tubular, split into 2 flaring lips, the upper one narrow and the lower 3-lobed and speckled with purple. The calyx is tubular and hairy, and there are 2 long-protruding stamens.
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 1-2.5 ft. (Spread 1-1.5 ft.)

NCBG DURATION
ANNUAL: 0
BIENNIAL: 0
PERENNIAL: 1

NCBG HABIT
HERB: 1
SUBSHRUB: 0
SHRUB: 0
TREE: 0
CACTUS/SUCCULENT: 0
GRASS/GRASSLIKE: 0
FERN: 0
VINE: 0

NCBG LEAF ARRANGEMENT
ALTERNATE: 0
OPPOSITE: 1
WHORLED: 0
BASAL: 0
FASCICLED: 0

NCBG LEAF COMPLEXITY
SIMPLE: 1
PINNATE: 0
BI-PINNATE: 0
TRI-PINNATE: 0
PALMATE: 0
TRIFOLIOLATE: 0

NCBG LEAF RETENTION
DECIDUOUS: 0
EVERGREEN: 0
SEMI-EVERGREEN: 0

NCBG DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Dry forests, Outcrops and glades, Woods margins
NATIVE RANGE:

NCBG FLORAL SYMMETRY
RADIAL (ACTINOMORPHIC): 0
BILATERAL (ZYGOMORPHIC): 1
MIXED (BOTH ACTINOMORPHIC and ZYGOMORPHIC): 0

NCBG PHENOLOGY
bloom_time: May-Aug
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x
bloom_color: Pale pink to lavender
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x x x

fruit_time: Aug-Oct.

NCBG PLANT SALE
PLANT SALE TEXT: Downy wood mint is a clump forming perennial that produces tight clusters of blue-purple, stacked flowers, similar in appearance to those of its mint family relative Monarada. Native to much of the eastern US, this species spreads slowly in the garden by means of rhizomes, but never becomes aggressive. Deer resistant and drought tolerant, downy wood mint complements almost any garden setting as long as it receives greater than 20% of sunlight per day and the soil it is planted in drains well. This species is commonly visited by several species of native bees, and butterflies.

Cultural Notes:

Bee Friendly: 1
Butterfly Friendly: 1
Bird Friendly: 0
Hummingbird Friendly: 0

SOIL MOISTURE:
Soil Dry: 1
Soil Average: 1
Soil Moist/Wet: 0
Soil Well-drained: 0

LIGHT EXPOSURE
Sun: 1
Part Shade: 1
Shade: 0

MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 4
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 8

GERMINATION CODE:

NCBG RECORD
ID IMAGE: 12364
ID IMAGE2: 10443
ID IMAGE3: 12364
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2017-11-20

USDA PLANTS DATABASE
USDA Symbol: BLCI
USDA Common Name: Downy Pagoda-plant
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CT, DE, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MA, MD, MI, MO, MS, NC, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV), CAN (ON)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

STATE RANKS
STATE RANK: S3? (S3?)
GLOBAL RANK: G5
STATE STATUS:
US STATUS:
TRACKED STATUS: N: Do not track

WEAKLEY FLORA
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Blephilia ciliata
COMMON NAME: Downy Woodmint
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, G, K, Mo, Pa, RAB, S, Va, W, Z]
PHENOLOGY: May-early Jul; Aug-Oct.
HABITAT: Woodlands, meadows, forests, usually in circumneutral soils (over diabase, limestone, shell, etc.).
COMMENTS: MA and WI south to c. GA and AR.
RANGE MAP: Blephilia ciliata.png

ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Lamiaceae Lindley 1836 or LABIATAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Mint Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 230-250 genera and 6700-7170 species, herbs, shrubs, vines, and trees, cosmopolitan. The placement in the Lamiaceae of several genera traditionally placed in Verbenaceae (e.g. Clerodendrum) is strongly supported by several lines of evidence.
REFERENCE: Harley et al. in Kadereit (2004).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Blephilia Rafinesque 1819 (Woodmint, Pagoda-plant)
SUMMARY: A genus of 3 species, herbs, of e. North America.
REFERENCE: Simmers & Kral (1992)=Z; Harley et al. in Kadereit (2004).
HERBARIUM RESOURCES
SERNEC: Find Blephilia ciliata in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Blephilia ciliata in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES
USDA: Find Blephilia ciliata in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Blephilia ciliata in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Blephilia ciliata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Blephilia ciliata

From the Image Gallery


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29 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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