NCBG North Carolina Botanical Garden

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Scientific Name: or show all plants or perform combination search
Plant Family:

Blephilia ciliata

Blephilia ciliata (L.) Benth.

downy pagoda-plant, downy woodmint

Blephilia ciliata (Downy Pagoda-plant)
image by Cressler, Alan M.
NCBG PLANT INDEX
ID_PLANT: BLCI
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Blephilia ciliata
GENUS: Blephilia
FAMILY: LAMIAC - Lamiaceae (Mint Family)

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES
INTRO: Erect, rhizomatous, clump-forming perennial of woodlands, meadows and forests, usually in circumneutral soils (over diabase, limestone, shell, etc.).
STEMS: Stems 4-angled, mostly unbranched, covered in white hairs pressed against the stem.
LEAVES: Leaves opposite, petiolate (sessile above), oval to lance-shaped, to 3 1/2 in. long, shallowly toothed or entire, sparsely hairy above and whitish-downy beneath, fragrant when crushed.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers in several dense, head-like clusters that are tiered along a terminal spike, each cluster resting on a whorl of green, fringed bracts; flowers pale pink to lavender, about 1/3 in. long, bilaterally symmetric and tubular, split into 2 flaring lips, the upper one narrow and the lower 3-lobed and speckled with purple. The calyx is tubular and hairy, and there are 2 long-protruding stamens.
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 1-2.5 ft. (Spread 1-1.5 ft.)

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Opposite
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL
SYMMETRY: Bilateral (Zygomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: May-Aug
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Pale pink to lavender
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x x x

FRUITING PERIOD: Aug-Oct.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Dry forests, Outcrops and glades, Woods margins
NATIVE RANGE:

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Downy wood mint is a clump forming perennial that produces tight clusters of blue-purple, stacked flowers, similar in appearance to those of its mint family relative Monarada. Native to much of the eastern US, this species spreads slowly in the garden by means of rhizomes, but never becomes aggressive. Deer resistant and drought tolerant, downy wood mint complements almost any garden setting as long as it receives greater than 20% of sunlight per day and the soil it is planted in drains well. This species is commonly visited by several species of native bees, and butterflies.

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 4
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 8
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly
USDA PLANTS DATABASE
USDA Symbol: BLCI
USDA Common Name: Downy Pagoda-plant
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CT, DE, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MA, MD, MI, MO, MS, NC, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV), CAN (ON)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

WEAKLEY FLORA
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Blephilia ciliata
COMMON NAME: Downy Woodmint
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, G, K, Mo, Pa, RAB, S, Va, W, Z]
PHENOLOGY: May-early Jul; Aug-Oct.
HABITAT: Woodlands, meadows, forests, usually in circumneutral soils (over diabase, limestone, shell, etc.).
COMMENTS: MA and WI south to c. GA and AR.
RANGE MAP: Blephilia ciliata.png

Key to Map Symbols.

ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Lamiaceae Lindley 1836 or LABIATAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Mint Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 230-250 genera and 6700-7170 species, herbs, shrubs, vines, and trees, cosmopolitan. The placement in the Lamiaceae of several genera traditionally placed in Verbenaceae (e.g. Clerodendrum) is strongly supported by several lines of evidence.
REFERENCE: Harley et al. in Kadereit (2004).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Blephilia Rafinesque 1819 (Woodmint, Pagoda-plant)
SUMMARY: A genus of 3 species, herbs, of e. North America.
REFERENCE: Simmers & Kral (1992)=Z; Harley et al. in Kadereit (2004).
HERBARIUM RESOURCES
SERNEC: Find Blephilia ciliata in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Blephilia ciliata in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES
USDA: Find Blephilia ciliata in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Blephilia ciliata in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Blephilia ciliata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Blephilia ciliata

NCBG RECORD
ID IMAGE1: 12364
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 12364
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-02-06

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