NCBG North Carolina Botanical Garden

One Ring to rule them all, One Ring to find them, One Ring to bring them all and in the darkness bind them

Scientific Name: or show all plants or perform combination search
Plant Family:

Adlumia fungosa

Adlumia fungosa (Aiton) Greene ex Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.

alleghany-vine, allegheny vine, cliff-harlequin, climbing fumitory

Adlumia fungosa (Alleghany-vine)
image by Gwaltney, John

Key to Map Symbols.
NCBG PLANT INDEX
ID_PLANT: ADFU
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Adlumia fungosa
SELECTED SYNONYM:
GENUS: Adlumia
FAMILY CODE: FUMARI

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES
INTRO: Delicate, vining biennial that scrambles over other plants and into trees, found on cliffs, talus, rocky slopes, rich stream-bottom forests, cool rocky forests and burned areas, especially over calcareous or mafic rocks.
STEMS: Stems climbing, smooth; in its first year a plant is essentially stemless, with only several upright leaves.
LEAVES: Leaves alternate, petiolate, 2 times pinnately divided, pale green beneath; reduced in size at the upper reaches of the vine, where leaves act like tendrils.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers in drooping clusters from leaf axils, white to pale pink, 1/2-2/3 in. long, bilaterally symmetric and tubular, shaped like upside-down vases with a pair of tiny, scale-like bracts at the flower base (which is on top) and 2 spreading lobes at the mouth of the vase.
FRUITS: Fruit a narrow, oval capsule.
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: to 12 ft.

NCBG DURATION
ANNUAL: 0
BIENNIAL: 1
PERENNIAL: 0

NCBG HABIT
HERB: 1
SUBSHRUB: 0
SHRUB: 0
TREE: 0
CACTUS/SUCCULENT: 0
GRASS/GRASSLIKE: 0
FERN: 0
VINE: 1

NCBG LEAF ARRANGEMENT
ALTERNATE: 1
OPPOSITE: 0
WHORLED: 0
BASAL: 0
FASCICLED: 0

NCBG LEAF COMPLEXITY
SIMPLE: 0
PINNATE: 0
BI-PINNATE: 0
TRI-PINNATE: 0
PALMATE: 0
TRIFOLIOLATE: 0

NCBG LEAF RETENTION
DECIDUOUS: 0
EVERGREEN: 0
SEMI-EVERGREEN: 0

NCBG DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Bottomlands, Disturbed, Outcrops and glades
NATIVE RANGE: eastern North America

NCBG FLORAL SYMMETRY
RADIAL (ACTINOMORPHIC): 0
BILATERAL (ZYGOMORPHIC): 1
MIXED (BOTH ACTINOMORPHIC and ZYGOMORPHIC): 0

NCBG PHENOLOGY
bloom_time: Jun-Sep
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x
bloom_color: White to pale pink
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

fruit_time:

NCBG PLANT SALE
PLANT SALE TEXT:

Cultural Notes:

Bee Friendly: 0
Butterfly Friendly: 0
Bird Friendly: 0
Hummingbird Friendly: 0

SOIL MOISTURE:
Soil Dry: 0
Soil Average: 0
Soil Moist/Wet: 0
Soil Well-drained: 0

LIGHT EXPOSURE
Sun: 0
Part Shade: 0
Shade: 0

MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:

GERMINATION CODE:

NCBG RECORD
ID IMAGE: 31352
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 31352
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2017-11-16

USDA PLANTS DATABASE
USDA Symbol: ADFU
USDA Common Name: Allegheny Vine
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (CT, DE, IA, IL, IN, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV), CAN (MB, NB, NS, ON, QC)
Duration: Biennial
Growth Habit: Vine, Forb/herb

STATE RANKS
STATE RANK: S2 (S2)
GLOBAL RANK: G4
STATE STATUS: SC-V
US STATUS:
TRACKED STATUS: Y: Track all extant and selected historical EOs

WEAKLEY FLORA
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Adlumia fungosa
COMMON NAME: Alleghany-vine, Cliff-Harlequin, Climbing Fumitory
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, FNA, G, K, Pa, RAB, S, Va, W]
PHENOLOGY: Jun-Sep.
HABITAT: Cliffs, talus, rocky slopes, rich stream-bottom forests, cool rocky forests, burned areas, especially over calcareous or mafic rocks.
COMMENTS: QC west to WI and MN, south to n. DE, w. NC, TN, and IN.
RANGE MAP: Adlumia fungosa.png

ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Fumariaceae A.P. de Candolle 1821 (Fumitory Family)
SUMMARY: This family includes 15-20 genera and 500-600 species, herbs, mostly north temperate. The Fumariaceae are often now subsumed into the Papaveraceae and separated as subfamilies (Lidén 1981, 1986; Lidén et al. 1997; Judd, Sanders, & Donoghue 1994), but the option remains to recognize the two monophyletic clades as families: Papaveracaeae s.s. and Fumariaceae. The placement of Pteridophyllum (especially) and Hypecoum in their own families or basal in either Papaveraceae or Fumariaceae remains unsettled.
REFERENCE: Pérez-Gutiérrez et al. (2012, 2015); Wang et al. (2009); Stern in FNA (1997); Hill (1992); Lidén (1986, 1981); Lidén et al. (1997); Lidén in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Adlumia Rafinesque ex A.P. de Candolle 1821 (Climbing Fumitory)
SUMMARY: A genus of 2 species, herbs, of e. North America, Korea, and Manchuria.
REFERENCE: Boufford in FNA (1997); Lidén in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).
HERBARIUM RESOURCES
SERNEC: Find Adlumia fungosa in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Adlumia fungosa in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES
USDA: Find Adlumia fungosa in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Adlumia fungosa in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Adlumia fungosa in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Adlumia fungosa

From the Image Gallery


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22 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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