NCBG North Carolina Botanical Garden

One Ring to rule them all, One Ring to find them, One Ring to bring them all and in the darkness bind them. - J.R.R. Tolkien

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Adiantum capillus-veneris

Adiantum capillus-veneris L.

southern maidenhair, common maidenhair, venus’-hair fern

Synonym(s): Adiantum capillus-veneris var. modestum, Adiantum capillus-veneris var. protrusum, Adiantum modestum
Adiantum capillus-veneris (Southern Maidenhair)
image by Parkins, Grant Morrow
NCBG PLANT INDEX
ID_PLANT: ADCA
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Adiantum capillus-veneris
GENUS: Adiantum
FAMILY: PTERID - Pteridaceae (Maidenhair Fern Family)

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES
INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 1-2 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb, Fern

LEAF ARRANGEMENT:
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION: Evergreen

FLORAL
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Not Applicable
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: southern U.S. to South America, Eurasia & Africa

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: The finely-cut lacy foliage of the Southern maidenhair adds a delicate note to any shade garden. Plant it in a prominent spot where you can really appreciate its beauty. Mix compost and a little lime into the soil before planting and watch this fern thrive. This species grows best in soil that is evenly moist, although well-drained. This Southeastern native perennial tolerates heat and humidity well. For a groundcover, try combining Southern maidenhair with deciduous wild ginger and enjoy their contrasting foliage.

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Moist/Wet, Well-drained
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 7
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 10
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
USDA PLANTS DATABASE
USDA Symbol: ADCA
USDA Common Name: Common Maidenhair
Native Status: L48 (N), HI (N), PR (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, FL, GA, HI, KY, LA, MD, MO, MS, NC, NM, NV, OH, OK, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VA), USA+ (PR), CAN (BC)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACU FACW FACW FACU FACW FACU FACU FACW

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

2018 Natural Heritage Program List of Rare Plant Species of North Carolina

NHP IDS RANKROUNDED S RANKG RANKROUNDED G RANKSTATE STATUSFEDERAL STATUS
20074 S1 S1 G5 G5 T

This information is derived from the 2018 North Carolina Natural Heritage Program List of Rare Plant Species.
WEAKLEY FLORA
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Adiantum capillus-veneris
COMMON NAME: Venus'-hair Fern, Southern Maidenhair
SYNONYMY: [= Ar, C, F, FNA, FoC, G, K, RAB, S, Tn, Va, W, WH3]
PHENOLOGY: Jun-Jul.
HABITAT: Moist calcareous substrates, in the Coastal Plain on marl (coquina limestone) (NC and SC), on calcareous clay bluffs (GA), and adventive on lime mortar of old buildings and walls (as in Wilmington and Fayetteville, NC); in the Mountains and Interior Low Plateau on limestone or other calcareous sedimentary rocks.
COMMENTS: Widespread on several continents, in e. North America largely southern in distribution, from e. NC, w. VA, MO, CO, UT, and CO south; also disjunct in SD and BC, and in Mexico, the West Indies, tropical and warm temperate portions of Central and South America, Eurasia, and Africa. There is some question whether North American plants are conspecific with those in the Old World (Paris in FNA 1993b).
RANGE MAP: Adiantum capillus-veneris.png

Key to Map Symbols.

ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Pteridaceae E.D.M. Kirchner 1831 (Maidenhair Fern Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 40 genera and about 1000 species. Here circumscribed to include Vittariaceae (see Smith et al. 2006). This family may be further subdivided, into families Adiantaceae (Adiantum, Vittaria), Sinopteridaceae (Myriopteris, Notholaena, Astrolepis, Pellaea), Cryptogrammaceae (Cryptogramma), Pteridaceae (Pteris), and Parkeriaceae (Acrostichum, Ceratopteris).
REFERENCE: Grusz & Windham (2013); Lellinger (1985); Windham in FNA (1993b); Tryon, Tryon, & Kramer in Kramer & Green (1990); Kramer in Kramer & Green (1990); Crane (1997). {add for FL: Acrostichum aureum, Adiantum melanoleucum, Adiantum villosum, Pityrogramma trifoliata, Pteris bahamensis, Pteris grandifolia, Pteris plumula}
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Adiantum Linnaeus 1753 (Maidenhair Fern)
SUMMARY: A genus of 150-200 species, nearly cosmopolitan.
REFERENCE: Paris in FNA (1993b); Lu et al. (2011)=Z; Lin, Prado, & Gilbert in FoC (2013); Tryon, Tryon, & Kramer in Kramer & Green (1990).
HERBARIUM RESOURCES
SERNEC: Find Adiantum capillus-veneris in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Adiantum capillus-veneris in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES
USDA: Find Adiantum capillus-veneris in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Adiantum capillus-veneris in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Adiantum capillus-veneris in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Adiantum capillus-veneris

NCBG RECORD
ID IMAGE1: 8559
ID IMAGE2: 8560
ID IMAGE3: 8559
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-10-16

From the Image Gallery


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18 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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