NCBG North Carolina Botanical Garden

One Ring to rule them all, One Ring to find them, One Ring to bring them all and in the darkness bind them

Scientific Name: or show all plants or perform combination search
Plant Family:

Adiantum capillus-veneris

Adiantum capillus-veneris L.

southern maidenhair, common maidenhair, venus’-hair fern

Synonym(s): Adiantum capillus-veneris var. modestum, Adiantum capillus-veneris var. protrusum, Adiantum modestum
Adiantum capillus-veneris (Southern Maidenhair)
image by Parkins, Grant Morrow

Key to Map Symbols.
NCBG PLANT INDEX
ID_PLANT: ADCA
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Adiantum capillus-veneris
SELECTED SYNONYM:
GENUS: Adiantum
FAMILY CODE: PTERID

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES
INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 1-2 ft.

NCBG DURATION
ANNUAL: 0
BIENNIAL: 0
PERENNIAL: 1

NCBG HABIT
HERB: 1
SUBSHRUB: 0
SHRUB: 0
TREE: 0
CACTUS/SUCCULENT: 0
GRASS/GRASSLIKE: 0
FERN: 1
VINE: 0

NCBG LEAF ARRANGEMENT
ALTERNATE: 0
OPPOSITE: 0
WHORLED: 0
BASAL: 0
FASCICLED: 0

NCBG LEAF COMPLEXITY
SIMPLE: 0
PINNATE: 0
BI-PINNATE: 0
TRI-PINNATE: 0
PALMATE: 0
TRIFOLIOLATE: 0

NCBG LEAF RETENTION
DECIDUOUS: 0
EVERGREEN: 1
SEMI-EVERGREEN: 0

NCBG DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: Southern U.S. to South America, Eurasia & Africa

NCBG FLORAL SYMMETRY
RADIAL (ACTINOMORPHIC): 0
BILATERAL (ZYGOMORPHIC): 0
MIXED (BOTH ACTINOMORPHIC and ZYGOMORPHIC): 0

NCBG PHENOLOGY
bloom_time: Not Applicable
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x
bloom_color:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

fruit_time:

NCBG PLANT SALE
PLANT SALE TEXT: The finely-cut lacy foliage of the Southern maidenhair adds a delicate note to any shade garden. Plant it in a prominent spot where you can really appreciate its beauty. Mix compost and a little lime into the soil before planting and watch this fern thrive. This species grows best in soil that is evenly moist, although well-drained. This Southeastern native perennial tolerates heat and humidity well. For a groundcover, try combining Southern maidenhair with deciduous wild ginger and enjoy their contrasting foliage.

Cultural Notes:

Bee Friendly: 0
Butterfly Friendly: 0
Bird Friendly: 0
Hummingbird Friendly: 0

SOIL MOISTURE:
Soil Dry: 0
Soil Average: 0
Soil Moist/Wet: 1
Soil Well-drained: 1

LIGHT EXPOSURE
Sun: 0
Part Shade: 1
Shade: 1

MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 7
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 10

GERMINATION CODE:

NCBG RECORD
ID IMAGE: 8559
ID IMAGE2: 8560
ID IMAGE3: 8559
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2017-09-21

USDA PLANTS DATABASE
USDA Symbol: ADCA
USDA Common Name: Common Maidenhair
Native Status: L48 (N), HI (N), PR (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, FL, GA, HI, KY, LA, MD, MO, MS, NC, NM, NV, OH, OK, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VA), USA+ (PR), CAN (BC)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACU FACW FACW FACU FACW FACU FACU FACW

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast
STATE RANKS
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GLOBAL RANK:
STATE STATUS:
US STATUS:
TRACKED STATUS:

WEAKLEY FLORA
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Adiantum capillus-veneris
COMMON NAME: Venus'-hair Fern, Southern Maidenhair
SYNONYMY: [= Ar, C, F, FNA, FoC, G, K, RAB, S, Tn, Va, W, WH3]
PHENOLOGY: Jun-Jul.
HABITAT: Moist calcareous substrates, in the Coastal Plain on marl (coquina limestone) (NC and SC), on calcareous clay bluffs (GA), and adventive on lime mortar of old buildings and walls (as in Wilmington and Fayetteville, NC); in the Mountains and Interior Low Plateau on limestone or other calcareous sedimentary rocks.
COMMENTS: Widespread on several continents, in e. North America largely southern in distribution, from e. NC, w. VA, MO, CO, UT, and CO south; also disjunct in SD and BC, and in Mexico, the West Indies, tropical and warm temperate portions of Central and South America, Eurasia, and Africa. There is some question whether North American plants are conspecific with those in the Old World (Paris in FNA 1993b).
RANGE MAP: Adiantum capillus-veneris.png

ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Pteridaceae E.D.M. Kirchner 1831 (Maidenhair Fern Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 40 genera and about 1000 species. Here circumscribed to include Vittariaceae (see Smith et al. 2006). This family may be further subdivided, into families Adiantaceae (Adiantum, Vittaria), Sinopteridaceae (Myriopteris, Notholaena, Astrolepis, Pellaea), Cryptogrammaceae (Cryptogramma), Pteridaceae (Pteris), and Parkeriaceae (Acrostichum, Ceratopteris).
REFERENCE: Grusz & Windham (2013); Lellinger (1985); Windham in FNA (1993b); Tryon, Tryon, & Kramer in Kramer & Green (1990); Kramer in Kramer & Green (1990); Crane (1997). {add for FL: Acrostichum aureum, Adiantum melanoleucum, Adiantum villosum, Pityrogramma trifoliata, Pteris bahamensis, Pteris grandifolia, Pteris plumula}
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Adiantum Linnaeus 1753 (Maidenhair Fern)
SUMMARY: A genus of 150-200 species, nearly cosmopolitan.
REFERENCE: Paris in FNA (1993b); Lu et al. (2011)=Z; Lin, Prado, & Gilbert in FoC (2013); Tryon, Tryon, & Kramer in Kramer & Green (1990).
HERBARIUM RESOURCES
SERNEC: Find Adiantum capillus-veneris in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Adiantum capillus-veneris in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES
USDA: Find Adiantum capillus-veneris in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Adiantum capillus-veneris in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Adiantum capillus-veneris in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Adiantum capillus-veneris

From the Image Gallery


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18 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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