One Ring to rule them all, One Ring to find them, One Ring to bring them all and in the darkness bind them. - J.R.R. Tolkien
Acalypha gracilens A. Gray
shortstalk copperleaf, slender threeseed mercury
Synonym(s): Acalypha gracilens var. delzii, Acalypha gracilens var. fraseri, Acalypha virginica var. gracilens
NCBG PLANT INDEX
image by Gwaltney, John
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Acalypha gracilens
FAMILY: EUPHOR - Euphorbiaceae (Spurge Family)
INTRO: Erect annual of woodlands, prairies and other open, disturbed areas.
STEMS: Stems branching and very hairy.
LEAVES: Leaves alternate, short-petiolate, oval to oblong, to 2 1/2 in. long, with 3 prominent veins, toothed, hairy on the margins, sparsely hairy above.
FLOWERS: Flowers clustered in spikes from upper leaf axils, yellowish-white, tiny, consisting of translucent sepals; male flowers at tip of each spike and fewer female flowers at the base, where there is a large, leafy bract with short, triangular, hairy-margined lobes bearing tiny, stalked glands.
FRUITS: Fruit a tiny, hairy, 3-lobed capsule.
HEIGHT: to 2 1/2 ft.
BLOOM TIME: Late Jun-Nov
BLOOM COLOR: Yellowish-white
HABITAT TYPE: Disturbed, Woods margins
Plant Sale Text:
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
USDA PLANTS DATABASE
USDA Symbol: ACGR2
USDA Common Name: Slender Threeseed Mercury
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MO, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV)
Growth Habit: Forb/herb
NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUSThis information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Acalypha gracilens
COMMON NAME: Shortstalk Copperleaf
SYNONYMY: [= FNA, K, Pa, RAB, S, Va, W, WH3, Z; > A. gracilens var. gracilens - C, F, G, Il; > A. gracilens var. fraseri (Müller of Aargau) Weatherby - C, F, G, Il; = A. virginica Linnaeus var. gracilens (A. Gray) Müller of Aargau - Y; = A. gracilens ssp. gracilens]
PHENOLOGY: Late Jun-Nov.
HABITAT: Woodlands, disturbed ground.
COMMENTS: ME west to WI, south to FL and TX. The related A. monococca (Engelmann ex A. Gray) Lill. W. Miller & Gandhi is of broadly Ozarkian distribution and warrants specific status (Levin 1999a, 1999b). Var. fraseri is generally more southern and is considered to differ in having more elongate staminate spikes, to 3-4 cm long (vs. 0.5-1.5 cm long). It may have merit, but was not recognized by Levin (1999a, 1999b).
RANGE MAP: Acalypha gracilens.png
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Euphorbiaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Spurge Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 313-322 genera and 8100-9000 species, trees, shrubs, vines, and herbs, nearly cosmopolitan in distribution, as defined broadly. Molecular systematics suggests that various units traditionally included in the Euphorbiaceae should be segregated (Soltis et al. 2000; Chase et al. 2002). In our flora, this includes Phyllanthus, Phyllanthopsis, and Glochidion (in Phyllanthaceae).
REFERENCE: Webster (1967), Webster (1994); Govaerts, Frodin, & Radcliffe-Smith (2000); Webster in Kubitzki (2014). [also see PHYLLANTHACEAE]
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Acalypha Linnaeus 1753 (Copperleaf, Three-seeded Mercury)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 430-462 species, shrubs, herbs, and trees, of primarily tropical and subtropical regions (rarely warm temperate).
REFERENCE: Levin in FNA (in prep.); Levin (1999b)=Z; Levin (1999a); Govaerts, Frodin, & Radcliffe-Smith (2000)=Y; Webster in Kubitzki (2014). Key based in part on Levin in FNA.
SERNEC: Find Acalypha gracilens in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Acalypha gracilens in
University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
USDA: Find Acalypha gracilens in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Acalypha gracilens in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Acalypha gracilens in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Acalypha gracilens
ID IMAGE1: 33297
ID IMAGE2: 33283
ID IMAGE3: 0
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2017-12-09
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