NCBG North Carolina Botanical Garden

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Scientific Name: or show all plants or perform combination search
Plant Family:

Acalypha gracilens

Acalypha gracilens A. Gray

Shortstalk Copperleaf, Slender Threeseed Mercury

Synonym(s): Acalypha gracilens var. delzii, Acalypha gracilens var. fraseri, Acalypha virginica var. gracilens
Acalypha gracilens (Shortstalk Copperleaf)
image by Gwaltney, John

Key to Map Symbols.
NCBG PLANT INDEX
ID_PLANT: ACGR2
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Acalypha gracilens
SELECTED SYNONYM:
GENUS: Acalypha
FAMILY CODE: EUPHOR

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES
INTRO: Erect annual of woodlands, prairies and other open, disturbed areas.
STEMS: Stems branching and very hairy.
LEAVES: Leaves alternate, short-petiolate, oval to oblong, to 2 1/2 in. long, with 3 prominent veins, toothed, hairy on the margins, sparsely hairy above.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers clustered in spikes from upper leaf axils, yellowish-white, tiny, consisting of translucent sepals; male flowers at tip of each spike and fewer female flowers at the base, where there is a large, leafy bract with short, triangular, hairy-margined lobes bearing tiny, stalked glands.
FRUITS: Fruit a tiny, hairy, 3-lobed capsule.
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: To 2 1/2 ft.

NCBG DURATION
ANNUAL: 1
BIENNIAL: 0
PERENNIAL: 0

NCBG HABIT
HERB: 1
SUBSHRUB: 0
SHRUB: 0
TREE: 0
CACTUS/SUCCULENT: 0
GRASS/GRASSLIKE: 0
FERN: 0
VINE: 0

NCBG DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Disturbed, Woods margins
NATIVE RANGE:

NCBG PLANT SALE
PLANT SALE TEXT:

Cultural Notes:

Bee Friendly: 0
Butterfly Friendly: 0
Bird Friendly: 0
Hummingbird Friendly: 0

SOIL MOISTURE:
Soil Dry: 0
Soil Average: 0
Soil Moist/Wet: 0
Soil Well-drained: 0

LIGHT EXPOSURE
Sun: 0
Part Shade: 0
Shade: 0

MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:

GERMINATION CODE:

NCBG PHENOLOGY
bloom_time: Late Jun-Nov.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x x x
bloom_color: Yellowish-white
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

fruit_time:

NCBG RECORD
ID IMAGE: 33297
ID IMAGE2: 33283
ID IMAGE3: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2017-12-09

USDA PLANTS DATABASE
USDA Symbol: ACGR2
USDA Common Name: Slender Threeseed Mercury
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MO, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV)
Duration: Annual
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FAC FAC FAC FACU FACU

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast
STATE RANKS
STATE RANK: S5 (S5)
GLOBAL RANK: G5
STATE STATUS:
US STATUS:
TRACKED STATUS: N: Do not track

WEAKLEY FLORA
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Acalypha gracilens
COMMON NAME: Shortstalk Copperleaf
SYNONYMY: [= FNA, K, Pa, RAB, S, Va, W, WH3, Z; > A. gracilens var. gracilens - C, F, G, Il; > A. gracilens var. fraseri (Müller of Aargau) Weatherby - C, F, G, Il; = A. virginica Linnaeus var. gracilens (A. Gray) Müller of Aargau - Y; = A. gracilens ssp. gracilens]
PHENOLOGY: Late Jun-Nov.
HABITAT: Woodlands, disturbed ground.
COMMENTS: ME west to WI, south to FL and TX. The related A. monococca (Engelmann ex A. Gray) Lill. W. Miller & Gandhi is of broadly Ozarkian distribution and warrants specific status (Levin 1999a, 1999b). Var. fraseri is generally more southern and is considered to differ in having more elongate staminate spikes, to 3-4 cm long (vs. 0.5-1.5 cm long). It may have merit, but was not recognized by Levin (1999a, 1999b).
RANGE MAP: Acalypha gracilens.png

ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Euphorbiaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Spurge Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 313-322 genera and 8100-9000 species, trees, shrubs, vines, and herbs, nearly cosmopolitan in distribution, as defined broadly. Molecular systematics suggests that various units traditionally included in the Euphorbiaceae should be segregated (Soltis et al. 2000; Chase et al. 2002). In our flora, this includes Phyllanthus, Phyllanthopsis, and Glochidion (in Phyllanthaceae).
REFERENCE: Webster (1967), Webster (1994); Govaerts, Frodin, & Radcliffe-Smith (2000); Webster in Kubitzki (2014). [also see PHYLLANTHACEAE]
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Acalypha Linnaeus 1753 (Copperleaf, Three-seeded Mercury)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 430-462 species, shrubs, herbs, and trees, of primarily tropical and subtropical regions (rarely warm temperate).
REFERENCE: Levin in FNA (in prep.); Levin (1999b)=Z; Levin (1999a); Govaerts, Frodin, & Radcliffe-Smith (2000)=Y; Webster in Kubitzki (2014). Key based in part on Levin in FNA.
HERBARIUM RESOURCES
SERNEC: Find Acalypha gracilens in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Acalypha gracilens in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES
USDA: Find Acalypha gracilens in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Acalypha gracilens in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Acalypha gracilens in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Acalypha gracilens

From the Image Gallery


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34 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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