NCBG North Carolina Botanical Garden

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Botanical Glossary

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Vegetative1) Of, or relating to, the non-flowering parts of a plant. 2) Producing new plants asexually by the ...
Vegetative FrondFrond lacking sporangia
VelumThe membranous flap covering the sporangium, as in Isoetes
VelutinousCovered with dense, straight, long and soft trichomes; pile-likeg-velutinous.png
VentralPertaining to the surface nearest the axis; inner face of an organ; the upper surface of the leaf; a...g-dorsal-ventral.png
Ventral SideTop side or upper side of a perianth part.g-dorsal-ventral.png
VentricoseInflated on one side near the middle
VentristipularOn ventral side of stipule
VermiformWorm-shaped
VernalAppearing in spring
VerrucoseWarty
VersatileDorsifixed but anther seemingly swinging free on the filament
VerticillasterA pair of axillary cymes arising from opposite leaves or bracts and forming a false whorl, as in man...g-verticillaster.png
VerticillateThree or more leaves or other structures per node
VespertineWith flowers opening in the evening or night; appearing or expanding in the evening
VestigialMinute; a remnant
VexillateHaving one structure larger than others which is folded over smaller enclosed structuresg-vexillate-aestivation.png
VexillumThe upper, usually wide petal in a papilionaceous corolla.
VillosulousMinutely villous
VillousWith slender curved or wavy, but not matted hairs.g-villous.png
VineA perennial plant with long woody or herbaceous stems that are flexible (at least initially), and ar...
VirgateWand-like; long, slender, and straight
ViscidSticky or glutinous
WartyBark with relatively small, scattered protuberances, as in southern hackberry (Celtis laevigata). (C...
Water ExcretingSpecialized vein openings (hydathodes) through which water is lost under certain atmospheric conditi...
Water SproutsShoots that develop from dormant lateral buds on the trunk which have very long and frequently varia...
WeakWith armature that tends to break easily.
WhorlAn arrangement of similar anatomical parts (such as leaves) in a circle around a point on an axis.g-whorl.png
WhorledWith three or more leaves positioned on the stem at the same level; three or more leaves occurring a...
WingLateral petals, as in the Fabaceae; a flattened extension, appendage or projection from a perianth p...
WingedHaving one or more elongate, relatively thin protrusions or appendages that loosely resemble wings, ...
Winged BarkBark with one or more thin, flat longitudinal expansions or elongate plates.
Winged NutNut enclosed in a winglike bract, as in Carpinus.g-winged-nut.png
Winter AnnualLiving less than one year but through the winter; germination usually in late fall, and usually flow...
With tieredMain axis with periodic lateral branch production; e.g., Bombax.
Without lateral branchesMain axis ending in a cluster of large leaves; e.g., Carica papaya.
WLThis is an NCNHP designation for any other species believed to be rare and of conservation concern i...
WoodXylem consisting of vessels and/or tracheids, fibers, and parenchyma cells
WoodyWith an aboveground shoot composed of relatively hard tissue that persists from one growing season t...
WrinkledWith small folds or creases.
XenogamyCross-fertilization in plants
YearlyAppearing yearly
ZonedThe same as ocellated, but the concentric bands more numerous. (Compare with ocellated.)
ZonocaulousWith branches intermittently spaced along main stem
ZygomorphicFlowers with bilateral symmetry; parts usually reduced in number and irregular; e.g., Cypripedium, S...g-zygomorphic.png
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