NCBG North Carolina Botanical Garden

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Botanical Glossary

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Sucker ShootsShoots that develop from adventitious buds on old stumps or roots, usually after cutting or injury, ...
SuffrutescentWoody basally, herbaceous apically
SulcateWith longitudinal grooves
Summer AnnualGerminating in spring or early summer and flowering and fruiting in late summer or early fall, then ...
SuperiorWith the ovary not fused to any portion of a floral cup, the whorl of sepals and petals (perianth) a...
SuperposedLocated directly above an axillary bud. (Compare with collateral bud.)g-superposed-bud.png
SupervoluteWith lamina with one edge tightly enrolled and with the other loosely enrolled covering the first, l...g-supervolute.png
SupineProstrate, with parts oriented upwardg-supine.png
SuprafoliarOn the stem above the leaves, as in the Arecaceae
SuprarhizousOn top of the root
SurcarpousWith fruits on surface of ground
SurcurrentExtending along stem upward from leaf base
SurficialUpon or spread over the surface of the ground
SuspendedWith the placenta at the top of the ovary.
SyconiumA multiple fruit characteristic of the figs (Ficus) with an enlarged, hollow, flask-like structure t...g-syconium.png
Syleptic ShootsAbnormal shoots that develop from lateral buds before they have reached maturity
SymmetricDivisible into essentially equal halves along one or more planes. (Compare with asymmetric and nearl...
SympatricCollocated, together
SympetalousWith petals united, at least at the base. (Compare with apopetalous.)
SympodialBranching without a main axis but with many, more or less, equal lateralsg-sympodial.png
SynantherousWith leaves and flowers appearing at same time
SyncarpousWith fused carpelsg-syncarpous.png
SyncotylyCotyledons coalesced, forming a funnel or trumpet
SyngenesiousWith fused anthersg-syngenesious.png
SynoeciousWith all flowers or cones bisexual, i.e. bearing functional reproductive structures of both sexes. (...
SynovariousWith ovaries of adjacent carpels completely fused, styles and stigmas separateg-synovarious.png
SynsepalousWith sepals united, at least at the base. (Compare with aposepalous.)
SynstylovariousWith ovaries and styles of adjacent carpels completely fused, stigmas separateg-synstylovarious.png
SyntropousWith radicle pointing toward hilum
Tannin BearingTannin producing glands found in various parts of the plant, presumably protective in some structure...
Tannin Bearing GlandsTannin producing glands found in various parts of the plant, presumably protective in some structure...
TapAn enlarged vertical main root that is noticeably larger in diameter than any attached lateral roots...g-tap.png
TaprootA single broad root.g-tap.png
TendrilLong, slender, coiling plant organ, adapted for climbing. Formed by modification of a part of a plan...g-tendril.png
Tendril-bearingWith a slender, twining organ used to grasp support for climbing, as grape (Vitis) vines.g-tendril.png
TentacularGlandular-haired or tentacle-bearing insectivorous leaf, as in Droserag-tentacular-leaf.png
TepalA member or segment of perianth in which the parts are not differentiated into distinct sepals and p...g-tepal.png
TereteCylindrical and elongateg-terete.png
TergeminateWith three orders of leaflets, each bifoliolate, or with geminate leaflets ternately compoundg-tergeminate.png
TerminalAt the top, tip, or end of a structure.
Terminal budBud found on the end of a twig.g-collateral-bud.png
Terminal Bud Scale Scar RingsSeveral marks in a ring indicating former places of attachment of bud scales.
TernateIn threes, as a leaf which is divided into three leaflets. (Compare with geminate.)g-ternately-compound.png
Ternately CompoundWith leaflets in three'sg-ternately-compound.png
TessellatedColor arranged in small squares, so as to have some resemblance to a checkered pavement.
TestaThe outer, commonly hard and brittle seed-coat
TetradPollen grains in clusters of four
TetradsGrains occurring in groups of four.
TetradynamousWith stamens in two groups, usually four long and two shortg-tetradynamous.png
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